Finnish presidential election, 1943

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Indirect presidential elections were held in Finland in 1943. The 1937 electoral college was recalled and re-elected Risto Ryti, who received 269 of the 300 votes.[1] President Ryti was ready to remain in office and to try to lead Finland successfully through World War II. Nevertheless some Finnish politicians believed that Marshal Mannerheim, the Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish army, would lead Finland more effectively. In a test vote, 147 presidential electors out of 300 supported Mannerheim. This plurality was not, however, enough for Mannerheim who required an assured majority of electors to back him for his presidential candidacy. Having failed to receive this majority's support, Mannerheim withdrew his candidacy and Ryti was overwhelmingly re-elected President (see, for example, Antti Laine, "Finland At War" (Suomi sodassa), pg. 723, in Seppo Zetterberg et al., eds., A Small Giant of the Finnish History / Suomen historian pikkujättiläinen. Helsinki: WSOY, 2003; Pentti Virrankoski, A History of Finland / Suomen historia, volumes 1&2. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society (Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura), 2009, pg. 917; Martti Turtola, Risto Ryti: A Life for the Fatherland / Risto Ryti. Elämä isänmaan puolesta. Helsinki: Otava Ltd., 1994, pgs. 267-270).

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Risto Ryti National Progressive Party 269 89.7
Väinö Kotilainen National Coalition Party 4 1.3
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg National Progressive Party 1 0.3
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Independent 1 0.3
Arvo Manner Agrarian League 1 0.3
Invalid/blank votes 24 8.0
Total 300 100
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p628 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7