Fiordland's marine reserves

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There are ten marine reserves in Fiordland region of New Zealand's South Island. They protect a wide variety of species and habitats.[1] The original two reserves were established at the request of New Zealand Federation of Commercial Fishermen in 1993.[2] An additional eight reserves were established on the recommendation of the Guardians of Fiordland in 2005.[3]

Hawea (Clio Rocks) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 411 hectares. It is known for its deep water habitat and vertical-wall reefs.

Kahukura (Gold Arm) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 464 hectares. It is known for being a very sheltered area inhabited by black and read coral.

Kutu Parera (Gaer Arm) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 433 hectares. It is known for its estuary and shallow water environments.

Moana Uta (Wet Jacket Arm) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 2,007 hectares. It covers a wide variety of habitats around Entry Island.

Piopiotahi (Milford Sound) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 1993 and covers 690 hectares. It is known for its muddy-bottomed, deep water habitats and is one of the most popular sites in Fiordland for recreational diving.

Taipari Roa (Elizabeth Island) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 613 hectares. It is known for its population of bottlenose dolphins, Fiordland crested penguins, and yellow glass sponges.

Taumoana (Five Fingers Peninsula) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 1,466 hectares. It is formed from part of the Charles Sound known for containing several unique habitats and harboring a population of paua, a type of abalone.

Te Awaatu Channel (The Gut) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 1993 and covers 93 hectares. It is known for its intertidal habitat.

Te Hapua (Sutherland Sound) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 499 hectares. It is one of the least visited of the ten Fiordland marine reserves.

Te Tapuwae o Hua (Long Sound) Marine Reserve[edit]

Established in 2005 and covers 3,672 hectares. It is known for its population of strawberry holothurians, a type of sea cucumber.

References[edit]

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