Fiq, Syria

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Fiq (Arabic: فيق‎) is a former Syrian town administratively belonging to Al Quneitra Governorate, located in the Golan Heights.[1] Residing at an altitude of 349 meters (1,145 ft), the Israeli settlement, kibbutz, Afik was built close by.[1]

Ruins in Fiq.

History[edit]

Fiq was an ancient town, covering about 100 dunams on an artificial mound. Many inscriptions in Latin and Greek have been found.[2]

Around 1225, Yakut noted that the convent of Dayr Fiq was much venerated by Christians, and still frequented by travellers.[3]

In 1596 Fiq appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya of Jawlan Garbi in the Qada of Hauran. It had an entirely Muslim population consisting of 16 households and 9 bachelors. Taxes were paid on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and/or beehives.[4]

In 1875 the French explorer Victor Guérin found that Fiq was divided into four quarters, each administered by its own sheik. Most of the homes contained remnants of ancient buildings. The village had abundant of fresh water.[5]

When Gottlieb Schumacher surveyed the area in the 1880s, he described Fiq as a large village with about 400 people. It had around 160 "tolerably" well-built stone houses, but only 90 of those were inhabited.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Urman 1998, p. 578
  2. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 722
  3. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 429
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 196.
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp 314-5 ff
  6. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 136-7 ff

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 32°46′N 35°42′E / 32.767°N 35.700°E / 32.767; 35.700