Firaq Gorakhpuri

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Firaq Gorakhpuri
Firaq Gorakhpuri (1896-1982).jpg
Born Raghupati Sahay
(1896-08-28)28 August 1896
Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died 3 March 1982(1982-03-03) (aged 85)
New Delhi, India
Pen name Firaq Gorakhpuri
Occupation Poet, writer, critic, scholar, lecturer, orator
Language Urdu, English, Hindi
Nationality Indian
Education M.A. in English literature
Genre Poetry, Literary criticism
Notable works Gul-e-Naghma
Notable awards Padma Bhushan (1968)
Jnanpith Award (1969)
Sahitya Akademi Fellowship (1970)

Signature

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Raghupati Sahay (28 August 1896 – 3 March 1982), better known under his pen name Firaq Gorakhpuri (Urdu: فراق گورکھپوری, Hindi: फ़िराक़ गोरखपुरी), was a writer, critic, and, according to one commentator, one of the most noted contemporary Urdu poets from India.[1] He established himself among peers including Muhammad Iqbal, Yagana Changezi, Jigar Moradabadi and Josh Malihabadi.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Raghupati Sahay was born into a Hindu Kayasth family in Gorakhpur in 1896.

Career[edit]

He was selected for the Provincial Civil Service (P.C.S.) and the Indian Civil Service (I.C.S.), but he resigned to follow Mahatma Gandhi's Non-cooperation movement, for which he went to jail. Later, he joined Allahabad University as a lecturer in English literature. It was there that he wrote most of his Urdu poetry, including his magnum opus Gul-e-Naghma which earned him the highest literary award of India, the Jnanpith Award, and also the 1960 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu. During his life, he was given the positions of Research Professor at the University Grants Commission and Producer Emeritus by All India Radio. After a long illness, he died on March 3, 1982, in New Delhi.

As a distinguished poet, Firaq Gorakhpuri was well-versed in all traditional metrical forms such as ghazal, nazm, rubaai and qat'aa. He was a prolific writer, having written more than a dozen volumes of Urdu poetry, a half dozen of Urdu prose, several volumes on literary themes in Hindi, as well as four volumes of English prose on literary and cultural subjects.

Selected works[edit]

  • Gul-e-Naghma
  • Gul-e-Ra'naa
  • Mash'aal
  • Rooh-e-Kaayenaat
  • Roop (Rubaayi)
  • Shabistaan
  • Sargam
  • Bazm-e-Zindagi Rang-e-Shayri

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

An example of his work: Video on YouTube