Fire drill

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Students practicing a fire drill in a smoke trailer, aimed at teaching the children proper procedures for exiting in a real life fire situation

A fire drill is a method of practicing the evacuation of a building for a fire or other emergency. Usually, the emergency system (usually the fire alarm/smoke detector) sounds and the building is evacuated as though a real fire had occurred. Usually, the time it takes to evacuate is measured to ensure that it occurs within a reasonable length of time, and problems with the emergency system or evacuation procedures are identified to be remedied.

Fire drill regulations[edit]

Many jurisdictions require that fire drills be conducted at certain intervals. This is most often the case in elementary, middle, and high schools as well as most colleges and universities, but sometimes other places as well. Often the frequency of such drills and any special actions that must be taken during such drills are listed in the statute.

United States[edit]

In the United States, school fire drill regulations are set by individual states.

Some states require that schools conduct a fire drill once per month:

Some states require that schools conduct a specific number of drills over the course of the entire school year, or that a certain number of drills must be conducted within a certain period of time:

Some states specify a greater frequency of fire drills at the beginning of the school year:

Until regulations changed on November 1, 2010, New Jersey was unique in its requirement that schools conduct two fire drills per month.[38] Under more recent requirements, one of the two fire drills was replaced by a monthly security drill.[13]

United Kingdom[edit]

The Department for Children, Schools and Families requires that all schools, colleges and universities and any other education establishment perform a fire drill at least once per academic year and recommends that one should occur termly. In addition, regularly health and safety checks such as testing the fire alarms and fire extinguishers should be performed weekly. According to the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, all workplaces must have an emergency plan consisting of staff actions, evacuation plans and arrangements for contacting the fire brigade.[39]

Sports[edit]

"Fire Drill" is also a sports term; in the Canadian Football League, fire drill refers to a situation in which the snap during a field goal is fumbled and a pre-arranged series of running routes are then run by eligible receivers in an attempt by the holder to advance the football by passing it instead of kicking it.[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code of Alabama, § 36-19-10, Regulation of fire drills and doors and exits in schools, factories, hospitals, etc.
  2. ^ Arkansas Code, § 12-13-109. Fire drills.
  3. ^ a b "School Emergency Preparedness Plan - Section 8". Web.archive.org. 2004-11-20. Archived from the original on 2004-11-20. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
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  5. ^ a b "Standards for Principals and Assistant Principals" (DOC (computing)). District of Columbia Public Schools. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  6. ^ a b c "Site Based Manager Fall Back and Regroup". Florida Department of Education. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  7. ^ Thursday, July 23, 20095:29 am. "City of Alpharetta Website || Statewide Severe Weather Drill Set For Wednesday, February 22". Alpharetta.ga.us. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Kansas DOE Education Statute #: 31-133". Kansas DOE. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  9. ^ "State Regulation of Private Schools - Nebraska". Ed.gov. 2000-01-01. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  10. ^ "Nevada Revised Statutes §392.450". Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  11. ^ "Nevada Revised Statutes §394.170". Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  12. ^ "Fire Code Issues in Educational Occupancies" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  13. ^ a b "New Jersey Principals And Supervisors Association — Membership News". Njpsa.org. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  14. ^ "GS 115C-288". Ncga.state.nc.us. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  15. ^ a b "Bills try at header" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-07-23. [dead link]
  16. ^ 24J Risk Management Operations Manual[dead link]
  17. ^ PDE. "Pre K-12 Schools: Fire Drills and School Bus Evacuations". Pde.state.pa.us. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  18. ^ a b c "Fire Drill Requirements". Davis School District. Archived from the original on March 19, 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  19. ^ a b Code of Virginia, § 22.1-137
  20. ^ "UW EH&S - Fire Exit Drill Frequencies". Ehs.washington.edu. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  21. ^ a b "School Fire Exit Drill Safety Report". Office of the State Fire Marshal. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  22. ^ Fire Drills in Wisconsin Schools: an Opportunity for Excellence, John Andersen, Wisconsin Department of Commerce Newsletter, November 2003
  23. ^ "Arizona School Emergency Response Plan Minimum Requirements Checklist" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  24. ^ "§12-45.1-69, Exception 2". Hawaii Administrative Rules, Title 12, Subtitle 7. Hawaii Department of Labor and Industrial Relations. p. 27. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  25. ^ Governor Blagojevich signs new law to make schools safer, Office of the Governor, State of Illinois, August 16, 2005
  26. ^ a b "E - Business Management". Cpsb.org. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  27. ^ a b Yarmouth School District. "Yarmouth School District - E - Support Services". District.yarmouth.k12.me.us. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  28. ^ Maryland An. Code 1957, art. 77, § 91; 1978, ch. 22, § 2; 1996, ch. 10, § 16.
  29. ^ School Fire Drills, Stephen D. Coan, Massachusetts Department of Fire Services, June 27, 2001
  30. ^ Michigan Compiled Laws, Chapter 29, Act 207 of 1941, Section 29.19
  31. ^ "Minnesota Statutes 299F.30: Fire drill in schools; doors and exits.". 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  32. ^ "Montana Code Annotated 20-1-402". 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  33. ^ Subsection M of 6.30.2.10 of the New Mexico Administrative Code
  34. ^ "FireDrillFreq_120309". Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  35. ^ "ARTICLE IV: SAFETY". Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  36. ^ Rhode Island General Laws, Title 16, § 16-21-4
  37. ^ "Chapter 07-234". Rilin.state.ri.us. 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  38. ^ New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 18A:41-1
  39. ^ "DfES | Teachernet | Emergencies". Teachernet. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  40. ^ CFL.ca video