A fireboard or chimney board is a panel designed to cover a fireplace during the warm months of the year. It was "commonly used during the later 18th and early 19th centuries" in places like France and New England. In warm weather, "a fireboard effectively reduced the number of mosquitoes and other insects, or even birds, that might enter a house through an open, damperless chimney." The "board or shutterlike contrivance" typically "of wood or cast of sheet metal" is "frequently decorated with painting and stencilling." Some fireboards have notches cut out of the lowest edge to accommodate andirons. Fireboards are also called: chimney boards, chimney pieces, chimney stops, fire boards, summer boards.
Among the many artists who have produced ornamental fireboards: Robert Adam; Winthrop Chandler (1747-1790); Andien de Clermont; Charles Codman; Michele Felice Cornè; Edward Hicks; Jean-Baptiste Oudry; Rufus Porter. Examples of decorated fireboards are in numerous collections, including: Historic Deerfield, Massachusetts; Historic New England; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA; Peabody Essex Museum; Victoria & Albert Museum.
Fireboard by Grandma Moses, 1918
- Stacy C. Hollander (2004). "Fireboards and Overmantels". Encyclopedia of American Folk Art. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780415929868.
- Betsy Krieg Salm (2010). Women's Painted Furniture, 1790-1830: American Schoolgirl Art. NH: University Press of New England. ISBN 9781584658450.
- Our Own Snug Fireside: Images of the New England Home, 1760-1860. Yale University Press. 1994. ISBN 9780394549842.
- Russell Sturgis (1901), A Dictionary of Architecture and Building, New York: Macmillan Company
- Clare Graham (2008). Dummy Boards and Chimney Boards. UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9780852639214.
- Grove Encyclopedia of American Art. Oxford University Press. 2011. ISBN 9780199739264.
- "Collections Database". Five Colleges and Historic Deerfield Museum Consortium. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
- National Gallery of Art (US); Deborah Chotner (1992). American Naive Paintings. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780894681738.
- "Ornamental Chimney Boards". Cassell's Household Guide 2. London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin. 1877.
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- Victoria & Albert. Chimney board, by Robert Adam (1728–92). Painted canvas on wood. England, 18th century.
- American Folk Art Museum. Fireboard, ca.1830
- Art Institute of Chicago. Fireboard, ca.1820
- American Folk Art @ Cooperstown blog. Fireplace Fantasy, 2011
- American Folk Art @ Cooperstown blog. Two New Hampshire Fireboards, 2010
- Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. Fireboard