|Location||100 Meeting St., Charleston, South Carolina|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Governing body||Local (South Carolina Historical Society)|
|NRHP Reference #||69000161|
|Added to NRHP||July 29, 1969|
|Designated NHL||November 7, 1973|
The Fireproof Building, also known as County Records Building, is located at 100 Meeting Street, Charleston, South Carolina. It was designed by Robert Mills and constructed by John G. Spindle. It was completed by 1827. At that time, it was the most completely fire-resistant building in America and it is believed to be the oldest fire-resistant building in America today. The building is in the Palladian style, with Doric porticoes north and south. Inside, the building has an oval stair hall lit by a cupola. The stone stairs are cantilevered through three stories.
Mills was an early advocate of buildings designed to include fire-resistant materials. It was originally used to house offices and records for Charleston County offices. Today, the building is the home of the South Carolina Historical Society.
- Passive fire protection
- Fire test
- Fire-resistance rating
- Active fire protection
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Fireproof Building". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Fireproof Building, Charleston County (100 Meeting St., Charleston)". National Register Properties in South Carolina listing. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, p. 325, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
- Tray Stephenson and Bernard Kearse (April 20, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: The Fireproof Building" (pdf). National Park Service. and PDF (32 KB)
- Fireproof Building, Charleston County (100 Meeting St., Charleston), including 7 photos, at South Carolina Department of Archives and History
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. SC-13-2, "County Records Building, 100 Meeting Street (at Chalmers Street), Charleston, Charleston County, SC", 27 photos, 1 color transparency, 8 measured drawings, 5 data pages, 3 photo caption pages, supplemental material
- Historic Charleston's Religious and Community Buildings, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
- Robert P. Stockton, Information for Guides of Historic Charleston, South Carolina 350 (1985).
- South Carolina Historical Society
- U.S. National Park Service