|Location||100 Meeting St., Charleston, South Carolina|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Governing body||Local (South Carolina Historical Society)|
|NRHP Reference #||69000161|
|Added to NRHP||July 29, 1969|
|Designated NHL||November 7, 1973|
The Fireproof Building, also known as County Records Building, is located at 100 Meeting St., Charleston, South Carolina. It was designed by Robert Mills and constructed by John G. Spindle. It was completed by 1827. At that time, it was the most completely fire-resistant building in America and it is believed to be the oldest fire-resistant building in America today. The building is in the Palladian style, with Doric porticoes north and south. Inside, the building has an oval stair hall lit by a cupola. The stone stairs are cantilevered through three stories.
Mills was an early advocate of buildings designed to include fire-resistant materials. A fire destroyed much of the upper floor of the Fireproof Building that he designed, but the county records on the first floor were protected due to his fireproofing measures.
- Passive fire protection
- Fire test
- Fire-resistance rating
- Active fire protection
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Fireproof Building". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Fireproof Building, Charleston County (100 Meeting St., Charleston)". National Register Properties in South Carolina listing. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, p. 325, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
- Tray Stephenson and Bernard Kearse (April 20, 1973). PDF (32 KB). National Park Service and PDF (32 KB)
- Fireproof Building, Charleston County (100 Meeting St., Charleston), including 7 photos, at South Carolina Department of Archives and History
- County Records Building: 27 b&w photos, 1 color photo, 7 drawings, 5 data pages, and supplemental material, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Historic Charleston's Religious and Community Buildings, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
- Robert P. Stockton, Information for Guides of Historic Charleston, South Carolina 350 (1985).