Fires on the Plain

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This article is about the novel. For the film, see Fires on the Plain (film).
Fires on the Plain
Author Ōoka Shōhei
Original title Nobi
Translator Ivan Morris
Country Japan
Language Japanese, English (translated)
Genre War novel
Publisher Tuttle Publishing
Publication date
Published in English
Media type Print
Pages 246
Awards Yomiuri Prize
ISBN 0-8048-1379-5
LC Class PZ4.O575 Fi2

Fires on the Plain (Japanese: 野火 Nobi) is a Yomiuri Prize-winning novel by Ooka Shohei, published in 1951. It describes the experiences of a soldier in the routed Imperial Japanese Army on the Philippines in the final days of World War II.


The story is told through the eyes of a Private Tamura who, after being thrown out by his own company, chooses to desert the military altogether and wanders aimlessly through the Philippine jungle during the Allied campaign. Descending into delirium, Tamura is forced to confront nature, his childhood faith, hunger, his own mortality, and in the end, cannibalism.

Literary significance and criticism[edit]

The book received the Yomiuri Prize and, along with Tsukamaru made, is perhaps the best-known of Ooka's work among English readers. An English language translation by Ivan Morris was completed in 1957. It was made into a film of the same name in 1959, directed by Kon Ichikawa and starring Eiji Funakoshi. David C. Stahl has noted that Morris expunged sections where the narrator makes clear that he is manipulating the memoir, while Ichikawa focused on the helplessness of the individual in the face of war. In both versions, the Tamura character is more passive and weak than in the original work.[1]

Morris, writing in his introduction in the 1957 English version that he translated, praised the book as one of the most 'powerful accounts of the obscenity of war that has ever been written'. In his view, the only other comparable novels of the Second World War, published up to that time (1957), were Stalingrad (fr) by Theodor Plievier (1948) and Look Down in Mercy by Walter Baxter (1951).[2]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Patricia Welch, "Memory, Guilt, Mourning and Responsibility: A Writer's Pilgrimage", H-Japan, July 2004
  2. ^ Morris, Ivan. (Introduction to) Ooka, Shohei Fires on the Plain, Corgi Books UK, 1975.