First Battle of Artois
|First Battle of Artois|
|Part of the Western Front of World War I|
Area of operations, 1914
|Commanders and leaders|
|Joseph Joffre|| Erich von Falkenhayn
Rupprecht of Bavaria
The First Battle of Artois (17 December 1914 – 13 January 1915) was a military encounter during World War I. The battle was the first offensive move on the Western Front by either side after the First Battle of Ypres ended in November 1914. The French assault failed to break the frontline stalemate.
Small skirmishes had taken place at Artois during the previous September and October as part of the Race to the Sea. Later, in May 1915, a French attack towards Vimy Ridge would become known as the Second Battle of Artois. A Third Battle of Artois took place from 25 September–15 October 1915, sometimes called the Artois-Loos Offensive.
- Spencer Tucker; Priscilla Mary Roberts (2005). World War I: encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-85109-420-2. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Cathal J. Nolan (2002). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1863. ISBN 978-0-313-32383-6. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- G. D. Sheffield (2007). War on the Western Front. Osprey Publishing. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-84603-210-3. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Ian Sumner (2009). French Poilu 1914-18. Osprey Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-84603-332-2. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
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