Battle of Delhi (1737)

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First Battle of Delhi
Part of Mughal-Maratha Wars
Date March 28, 1737
Location Delhi, Mughal Empire
Result Decisive Maratha victory
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgMaratha Empire  Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgPeshwa Baji Rao I Flag of the Mughal Empire (triangular).svgAmir Khan Bahadur
Flag of the Mughal Empire (triangular).svgMuin-ul-Mulk
85,000 250,000

The First Battle of Delhi took place on 28th March 1737 between Maratha Empire and the Mughals.The Marathas were victorious in the battle and the Mughal king was forced to sign a treaty promising Malwa province, tributes of the region between Narmada and Chambal and 50 lakh rupees as war expenses to the Marathas after the battle of Bhopal.[1]


In the year 1737 the Maratha king Shahu Chhatrapati ordered Peshwa Baji Rao I to attack the Mughal imperial capital at Delhi and he defeated a well trained Mughal Army led by Amir Khan Bahadur. To get rid of Marathas, the Mughal emperor asked Nizam for help.


The Nizam left Deccan to rescue Mughals from the invasion of Marathas, but was defeated decisively in the Battle of Bhopal.[1] The Marathas extracted large tributaries from Mughals and signed a treaty which ceded Malwa to the Peshwa.[1]

This Maratha conquest of Delhi weakened the Mughal Empire, which got further weakened after successive invasions of Nadir Shah (1739) and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1750s) leading to end of Mughal Empire by year 1757 in which Marathas became the de facto rulers of Delhi.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c An Advanced History of Modern India
  2. ^ Robinson, Howard; James Thomson Shotwell (1922). "Mogul Empire and the Marathas". The Development of the British Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 106-132.