First Battle of the Corunna Road
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (July 2011)|
|First Battle of the Corunna Road|
|Part of the Spanish Civil War|
|Second Spanish Republic||Nationalist Spain|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Jose Maria Galan|| Luis Orgaz Yoldi
Francisco García Escámez
T-26 medium tanks
Panzer I tanks
|Casualties and losses|
The First Battle of the Corunna Road took place between 29 November and 3 December 1936 during the Spanish Civil War. The Nationalists tried to isolate Madrid from the west, cutting the Corunna Road, but the Republican army rejected the attack.
After the failure to take Madrid on November 1936 and the failure to reduce the morale of the city's population through aerial bombing, Franco decided to encircle the city from the north-west in order to cut off water and electricity supplies from the Sierra de Guadarrama. Franco's Nationalists, led by Varela, concentrated a force of 3,000 men supported by heavy artillery including Ju-52 bombers. The defending Republican army had one brigade.
The Nationalist offensive started on 29 November with heavy artillery bombing on the Pozuelo sector with 3,000 Legion and Moroccan colonial troops backed by tanks and Ju-52 bombers. The Republican brigade was initially routed in disorder, but just a few days later a Republican counter-attack backed by T-26 tanks, re-established the line on 3 December.
The Nationalists only occupied Boadilla del Monte and Villanueva de la Cañada and failed to cut Madrid from the north. They then decided to concentrate a huge force in order to continue the offensive which was recommenced on 13 December and continued into mid-January the following year.
- Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Penguin Books. p. 189.
- Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Penguin Books. pp. 189–190.
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