First Campaign against Turkomen Hazaras

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First Campaign against Turkomen Hazaras
Date December 28, 1505 – January, 1506 C.E.
Location Northern Hazarajat near western extremities of Hindu Kush mountains near the banks of Baran River, Afghanistan
Result Successful operations against the Hazaras.
Belligerents
Mughal Empire Timurids of Kabul Turkomen Hazaras
Commanders and leaders
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
Qasim Beg
Sheikh Dervish Kokaltash  
Muhammad Ali Mubashar Beg  
Kupūk Kuli Baba
Sultan Kuli Chanāk
Khatim Qurbegi
Yārek Taghāi
Ahmed Yūsuf Beg
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The First Campaign against Turkomen Hazaras was a Mughal Empire campaign against the Turkomen Hazaras in the 16th century. Following Babur's departure from Kabul for Qalat-i-Ghilzai, the Hazaras took advantage of his absence to raid his territories.[1] After Babur had returned to Kabul from his victory at the Battle of Qalat-i-Ghilzai, he remained encamped in the Chaharbagh during the harsh winter of 1505 C.E; where he planned to make an excursion against them. He then went into Kabul city into the palace of Ulugh Beg Mirza, called Bostān-Serāi, prepared for the campaign and set out from there on December 28, 1505 C.E.[1]

Campaign[edit]

Babur had sent an advance party, which made a sudden attack on a small party of Hazaras at Jangalak, in the mouth of the valley of Hindu Kush in Panjshir, and dispersed them.[1] A few Hazaras had lain in ambush in a cave near the valley of Hindu Kush. Sheikh Dervish Kokaltash had gone up close to the mouth of this den, without suspecting anything, when a Hazara from within shot him in the chest with an arrow; he died of his injuries later.[1]

The main body of the Hazaras had erected their winter habitations in the valley of Hindu Kush.[1] The valley is a particular kind of glen. For about half a mile from its mouth there is a strait, which makes it necessary for the road to pass along the face of the hill. Below this road is a precipice of fifty or sixty yards perpendicular descent. Higher up than this road runs a pathway, by which one horseman only can pass at a time. Babur having passed this strait, proceeded forward the same day till between Dhuhr (noon) and Asr (afternoon) prayers, he stopped to rest his army.[1]

Next morning, he began to approach the place where the Hazaras had taken up their winter quarters. It was about 9:00 a.m. when a man came from the advance with information, that, in a narrow defile, the Hazaras had fortified and strengthened a ford with branches of trees, and had stopped the advance of Babur's troops who were now engaged with them.[1] On hearing this, Babur marched, reached the place where the Hazaras had made their stand, and were in hot action. That winter the snow lay very deep, which rendered it dangerous to leave the common road. The banks of the stream, about the ford, were all covered with ice; and it was impossible to pass the river at any place off the road, on account of the ice and snow. The Hazaras had cut down a number of branches of trees, with which they had fortified the opposite landing-place. They ranged themselves both on horseback and foot, as well in the channel along the banks of the river, and maintained the fight by discharges of arrows. Muhammad Ali Mubashar Beg had advanced near to the place where the road was blocked up by the branches, he was struck by an arrow in the back, and died on the spot.[1]

Babur and the main body of his troops were trying to catch up to the advance when they were hit by volleys of arrows. He and another officer were narrowly missed.[1] At that moment, Qasim Beg, with the right wing, discovered a place where the stream could be crossed, and having gained a footing on the opposite side, no sooner pushed on his horse to the charge, than the Hazaras, unable to keep their ground, took to flight.[1] The party that had got in among them, followed them in close pursuit, dismounting and cutting numbers of them down. Sultan Kuli Chanāk went in pursuit of them, but it was impossible to leave the road on account of the quantity and depth of the snow.[1] Babur too accompanied the pursuers; and fell in with the sheep and herds of horses of the Hazaras, near their winter habitations. He took between four or five hundred sheep, and twenty or twenty-five horses for himself.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

The wives and little children of the Hazaras escaped on foot to the snow-covered hillocks.[1] The army then halted at the huts of the Hazaras. The winter snow lay very deep. Off the road, it reached up to the horses’ cruppers; the picket appointed for the night-watch round the camp were obliged to remain on horseback till daybreak, in consequence of the depth of the snow.[1]

Next morning, Babur and his army began to move back, and passed the night in the winter huts of the Hazaras. From there he halted at Jangalak. Yārek Taghāi was directed to proceed and take the Hazāaras who had shot Sheikh Dervish. These Hazaras were still hiding in the cave.[1] Yarek Taghai and his men, on coming up, filled the cave with smoke, took seventy or eighty Hazaras, and killed most of them.[1] On finishing this inroad against the Hazaras, Babur moved down the river Baran, into the vicinity of Ai-Tughdi, for the purpose of collecting the revenue of Nijrau.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, Wheeler McIntosh Thackston (2002). The Baburnama: memoirs of Babur, prince and emperor. Random House Publishing Group. p. 554. ISBN 0375761373. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 

References[edit]