First Deep Bottom Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the First Battle of Deep Bottom (July 27–29, 1864) of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military Rank[edit]


Union Forces[edit]

General in Chief[edit]

LTG Ulysses S. Grant

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George Meade

II Corps[edit]

MG Winfield Scott Hancock



  • 1st Battalion, New York Infantry: Maj Wesley Brainerd

Chief of Artillery: Col John C. Tidball

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Francis C. Barlow

1st Brigade

   Col James C. Lynch

Consolidated Brigade[1]

   Col Clinton D. MacDougall[2]

  • 39th New York: Cpt David A. Allen
  • 52nd New York: Cpt George Degener
  • 57th New York: Cpt L. Hart Wilder [not engaged]
  • 63rd New York (6 companies): Cpt Alexander Watts
  • 69th New York (6 companies): Cpt Albert Gosse
  • 88th New York: Ltc Denis F. Burke
  • 111th New York: Cpt Marcus W. Murdock
  • 125th New York: Cpt Nelson Penfield
  • 126th New York: Cpt John B. Geddis
4th Brigade

   Ltc Knut Oscar Broady

Second Division
     MG John Gibbon
Provost guard:
2nd Company Minnesota Sharpshooters: Cpt Mahlon Black

1st Brigade

   Ltc Francis E. Pierce

2nd Brigade

   Col Mathew Murphy

3rd Brigade

   Col Thomas A. Smyth

Third Division
     BG Gershom Mott

1st Brigade

   BG Régis de Trobriand

  • 20th Indiana:
  • 17th Maine:
  • 40th New York: Cpt Madison M. Cannon [not engaged]
  • 73rd New York: Ltc Michael W. Burns
  • 86th New York:
  • 124th New York:
  • 99th Pennsylvania: Col Edwin Ruthwin Biles
  • 110th Pennsylvania:
  • 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters:
  • 4th New York Heavy Artillery (5 companies): Maj Frank Williams
2nd Brigade

   Col Daniel Chaplin (until July 28)[3]
   Col Henry J. Madill (July 28)

3rd Brigade

   Col Robert McAllister

  • 16th Massachusetts:
  • 5th New Jersey: Cpt Thomas C. Godfrey
  • 6th New Jersey:
  • 7th New Jersey: Cpt Thomas C. Thompson
  • 8th New Jersey: Maj Virgil M. Healy
  • 11th New Jersey: Col Robert McAllister, Ltc John Schoonover (from July 30)
4th Brigade

   Col William R. Brewster

  • 11th Massachusetts (5 companies): Col William Blaisdell
  • 71st New York:
  • 72nd New York (3 companies):
  • 74th New York:
  • 84th Pennsylvania: Ltc George Zinn
Artillery Brigade

   Maj John G. Hazard

  • 6th Maine Light: Cpt Edwin B. Dow
  • 10th Battery, Massachusetts Light: Cpt Henry J. Sleeper
  • 1st Battery, New Hampshire Light: Cpt Frederick M. Edgell
  • Battery B, 1st New Jersey Light: Cpt A. Judson Clark
  • 3rd Battery, New Jersey Light: Cpt Christian Woerner
  • 4th New York Heavy: Cpt John B. Vande Wieler
  • Battery G, 1st New York Light: Cpt Nelson Ames
  • 11th Battery, New York Light: Cpt John E. Burton
  • 12th Battery, New York Light: Cpt George F. McKnight
  • Battery F, 1st Pennsylvania Light: Cpt P. Bruce Ricketts
  • Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Light: Lt William S. Perrin
  • Battery B, 1st Rhode Island Light: Cpt Thomas Frederick Brown
  • Battery K, 4th U.S. Light: Cpt John W. Roder
  • Battery C, 5th U.S. Light:
  • Battery I, 5th U.S. Light:

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG Philip Sheridan

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Cavalry Division
     BG David McMurtrie Gregg

1st Brigade

   BG Henry Eugene Davies

  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry:
  • 1st New Jersey Cavalry:
  • 10th New York Cavalry:
  • 6th Ohio Cavalry: Col William Stedman
  • 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry:
2nd Brigade

   Col John Irvin Gregg

  • 1st Maine Cavalry:
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry:
  • 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry:
  • 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry:
  • 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry:
  • 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry:

Army of the James[edit]

MG Benjamin F. Butler

X Corps[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division

3rd Brigade

   BG Robert Sanford Foster

XIX Corps[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division

1st Brigade

   BG Henry Warner Birge


Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry Division
     BG August Kautz

1st Brigade

   Col Robert M. West

  • 3rd New York Cavalry: Cpt John M. Wilson
  • 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry (detachment): Col Robert M. West
2nd Brigade

   Col Samuel P. Spear

  • 1st District of Columbia Cavalry: Maj J. Stannard Baker
  • 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry (detachment):
  • 4th Wisconsin Battery (1st section): Cpt George B. Easterly
  • 4th Wisconsin Battery (2nd section): Lt William P. Powers

Naval forces[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2nd and 3rd Brigades consolidated on June 27 Civil War in the East: Second Army Corps (June 1864)
  2. ^ Eicher p.358
  3. ^ Eicher p.170