First Essex

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First Essex
FirstGroup.svg
First Essex bus 44542 (YX13 AHV), 12 May 2013.jpg
Parent FirstGroup
Service area Essex
Service type Bus services
Routes 80
Depots 8
Fleet 381 (March 2013)
Website First Essex website

First Essex[1] is a bus company operating services in the county of Essex. It is a subsidiary of FirstGroup.

History[edit]

Volvo 7900 hybrid at Lakeside Shopping Centre in September 2013
Alexander Dash bodied Dennis Dart in Clacton-on-Sea in August 2009

It arose from an amalgamation of Eastern National and Thamesway Buses. First Essex was originally part of the Eastern National Omnibus Company, founded in 1929, nationalised in 1949 and privatised in a management buyout 1986.[2] In 1990 Eastern National was sold to Badgerline (who became part of FirstGroup in 1995) and split, the depots in North Essex continuing to operate as Eastern National, those in South Essex being transferred to a new division, Thamesway.[3] Both were later amalgamated again and rebranded First Essex.[2]

Fleet[edit]

As at March 2013 the fleet consisted of 381 buses.[4]

Depots[edit]

First Essex operates six bus depots in the towns of Chelmsford, Basildon, Colchester and Hadleigh, and also smaller depots in Clacton and Braintree, and an outstation at Great Dunmow.The Harwich Depot was closed in late 2013, all of its services are now run by the Clacton and Colchester depots.

Basildon[edit]

Basildon garage operates routes 5, 8/A, 9, 15/A/B 25/A 73/A, 80C, 100, 101, 140, 200, 256, 351 and school services 502, 511, 512, 561, 562 and the 825.

73/A and 80A/C are Brentwood town services.

History[edit]

Basildon depot is on Cherrydown East. It was opened by Eastern National in 1961 to replace premises at Bull Road, Vange.[5]

After Brentwood depot closed in 1995, Basildon ran the Brentwood town services until 1998 when Harold Wood depot took over. When First London took over Harold Wood in 2004, Basildon again took on the Brentwood town services.

Bus types in use[edit]

Braintree[edit]

Braintree garage operates routes X32, 17, 21/A, 30, 70, 131, 132, 302, 306, 318, 347 and Yellow School Bus service 509.

History[edit]

The current depot, on Springwood Drive, opened in April 2005. It replaced the long standing premises on Fairfield Road, in Braintree town centre, which was redeveloped for retail/residential use.

Springwood Drive was originally an outstation of Chelmsford, consisting of a secure yard and portakabin. There were vehicle washing facilities and fuelling but heavy maintenance was done at Chelmsford. The portakabin had previously been at Maldon outstation (closed 2004).

In 2009 First re-opened a full depot in Braintree, behind the secure yard in Springwood Drive. This now contains washing/fuelling facilities and heavy maintenance facilities, while the Secure Yard now houses the 'reserve' fleet.

Fairfield Road had originally been used by Hicks Brothers, a bus operator which Eastern National took over in 1949.[5] A house adjacent to the old depot site survives, to remind us of a link with the Hicks era.

Bus types in use[edit]

Chelmsford[edit]

Chelmsford depot operates Chelmsford Park & Ride, routes X30, 31B/C/X, 33, 36, 40, 41, 42, 42A, 45, 46, 47, 48/A/B/C, 50, 51, 54/A/C, 55, 56/A, 70(Chelmsford), 71, 71C, 72, 73, 352, and Yellow School Bus services 508, 512, 525, 618, 619,620

History[edit]

When the old Chelmsford Duke Street bus depot/bus station was redeveloped in autumn 2004, operations moved to a new site at Westway. The new Duke Street bus station opened in March 2007.

Chelmsford had outstations at Great Dunmow and Maldon until 2004. Maldon had been a full depot until 1993. Dunmow has since reopened.

On 20 October 2013 Chelmsford will take over the operation of route 888 Luton Airport shuttle from First in Northampton.[6]

Bus types in use[edit]

Clacton[edit]

Clacton depot operates routes 5/B, 7/X, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 74, 76 and Former Harwich depot Routes 3, 4, 20/A, 22A/B.

History[edit]

Clacton depot has been at Telford Road, on the Gorse Lane Industrial Estate since 1988, at premises previously occupied by Coastal Red, a competitor on the Tendring Peninsular bought by Eastern National. Telford Road replaced the garage at Castle Road, near Clacton town centre, which was redeveloped as flats.

There was an outstation of Clacton at Walton-on-the-Naze, until May 1996. This was a small garage at Kino Road, just off the seafront, and housed 4 vehicles. Walton had the depot code of WN. Walton garage was demolished in 1998, with bungalows built on the site. However the enquiry office survives, as a gift shop.

The predecessor of Walton garage was Warners Iron Foundry at Naze Park Road, a building stands to this day.[5] This had its origins with Silver Queen.

Bus types in use[edit]

Colchester[edit]

Colchester depot operates routes 1, 2, 8E (Evenings), 61/61A/61C, 62/A, 63, 64/A/B, 65, 66/A, 67/A/B/C/D/E, 71/71A,71C (some journeys), 75/75A, 88A/B, school services 92, 175, 193,

History[edit]

The garage in Queen Street is the main garage in Colchester. It was built in 1920 on the site of the Theatre Royal, burnt down circa 1917. Buses were kept in the old Colchester Corporation tram shed at Magdalen Street after it was vacated by Network Colchester in 2006. This ceased in July 2009 when the yard next door was used instead, also previous occupied by Network Colchester. First has another Colchester site at Haven Road, which is mainly used for engineering.

Until 1973, Eastern National had a one bus outstation at West Mersea, acquired from Primrose Bus Service in 1935.[5] The building there survives, but in 1979 it was heavily modified, to become part of a new leisure centre. Service buses still terminate outside, and locals still refer to it as West Mersea bus station.

Until 1969, Eastern National also had a one bus outstation at in Victoria Place, Brightlingsea. This was acquired with the business of Berry & Sons in 1937.[5]

Bus types in use[edit]

Great Dunmow[edit]

This outstation operates route 33.

History[edit]

Dunmow is currently an outstation of Braintree. It reopened in 2008, having been closed in 2004, after the new Chelmsford depot opened. It is located on the premises of Dons Coaches.

Bus types operated[edit]

Hadleigh[edit]

Hadleigh garage operates routes: 3(Sunday Evenings), 20, 21/A/B/C/X, 22, 23/A/B, 24/A, 26, 27/X, 28 and school services 820, 821, 822 and 827

History[edit]

Hadleigh garage is located on London Road, just west of Hadleigh shopping centre. It is a former Westcliff on Sea Motor Services depot, controlled by Eastern National from 1955.[5]

Hadleigh took on the work of Canvey (CY) depot in April 1978. Canvey has since become a transport museum.

Hadleigh further expanded its operations in 1992, after Southend (Prittlewell) (PL) depot was closed. The predecessor of Prittlewell, Southend (SD) depot on London Road, closed in 1987, and has now disappeared under a Sainsbury's store.

Bus types in use[edit]

Harwich(Closed in December 2013[7])[edit]

Harwich garage formally ran routes 3, 4, 20/A, 22A/B, 103, 104 and school service 193 and C30. The Depot is now closed, services 3, 4, 20/A, 22A/B are operated by the clacton depot, services 103, 104 are operated from colchester. First still use the site to park busses overnight for the early morning 103/104 services.

History[edit]

The depot at Harwich Bus Station, off Main Road, was opened by Eastern National in 1974. It replaced the old Dovercourt depot at Kingsway, whose building is now used as a public library. The DT depot code (for Dovercourt) was retained for the new premises.

Bus types in use[edit]

Criticism[edit]

First Essex has been criticised by passengers and members of the Southend Area Bus Users' Group for withdrawing services which it considered no longer economically viable, for which First said was due to low passenger numbers, even when parts of the route were profitable when Southend Borough Council withdrew bus subsidies as part of budget cuts in 2005.[8] Further criticism came from passengers when First Essex and Arriva Southend decided to withdraw their "Day Rover" ticket, which allowed unlimited journeys on the day of purchase on buses operated by both companies, regardless of which company issued the ticket, so day tickets can now only be used on the buses of the company that issues them. They replaced it with a more expensive "Octopus" ticket which is issued by and can be used on any buses operated by companies running in the general Southend area.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Companies House extract company no 1961457 First Buses Essex Limited
  2. ^ a b Eastern National Thurrock Transport
  3. ^ Companies House extract company no 2122144 Thamesway Limited
  4. ^ FirstGroup Fleetlist Steve White
  5. ^ a b c d e f Eastern National and its Predecessors – 60 Years of Service to Essex 1930 – 1990; edited by GWH Dodson
  6. ^ Office of the Traffic Commissioner Notices and Proceedings September 2013 Office of the Traffic Commissioner 4 September 2013
  7. ^ "Harwich Bus depot closure". Harwich and Manningtree Standard. Retrieved 30/3/2014. 
  8. ^ Laura Smith (17 January 2008). "Echo News: Pensioners want better bus services". Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  9. ^ Michelle Archard (11 December 2008). "Echo News: ‘Fury at plans to cut bus services to two an hour’". Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 

External links[edit]