First Nations in New Brunswick

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The First Nations of New Brunswick, Canada number more than 10,000, mostly Mi'kmaq and Maliseet.[1] Although the Passamaquoddy maintain a land claim at St. Andrews, New Brunswick and historically occurred in New Brunswick, they have no reserves in the province, and have no official status in Canada.

List of First Nations[edit]

New Brunswick is home to 15 First Nations.[2]

First Nation Group Population (on reserve) Population (off reserve)
Buctouche Band Mi'kmaq 85 27
Burnt Church Band Mi'kmaq 1,238 468
Eel Ground Band Mi'kmaq 542 420
Eel River Bar Band Mi'kmaq 331 335
Elsipogtog First Nation Mi'kmaq 2,383 709
Fort Folly Band Mi'kmaq 34 88
Indian Island Band Mi'kmaq 101 72
Kingsclear First Nation Maliseet 666 283
Madawaska Maliseet First Nation Maliseet 144 168
Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation Mi'kmaq 410 190
Oromocto Band Maliseet 295 328
Pabineau Band Mi'kmaq 100 168
Saint Mary's Band Maliseet 806 864
Tobique Band Maliseet 1,446 684
Woodstock Band Maliseet 284 641

List of Indian reserves[edit]

New Brunswick is home to 28 Indian reserves,[3] of which 18 are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[4]

Name First Nation(s) Population
(2011)[4]
Population
(2006)[4]
Change
(%)[4]
Area
(km²)[3][4]
Population
density[4]
Big Hole Tract 8 (north half) Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation         13.962
Big Hole Tract 8 (south half) Eel Ground 34 69 −50.7 27.82 1.2
Buctouche 16 Buctouche 85 82 3.7 0.39 218.7
Devon 30 Saint Mary's 864 767 12.6 2.73 316.3
Eel Ground 2 Eel Ground 448 503 −10.9 10.9 41.1
Eel River 3 Eel River Bar First Nation 320 312 2.6 1.4 229
Esgenoôpetitj 14 Esgenoopetitj (Burnt Church) First Nation 1,046 1,120 −6.6 9.54 109.6
Fort Folly 1 Fort Folly 48 45 6.7 0.58 82.2
Indian Island 28 Indian Island 97 97 0 0.27 360.3
Indian Point 1 Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation         0.421
Indian Ranch Eel River Bar First Nation 60 45 33.3 0.56 106.9
Kingsclear 6 Kingsclear 490 465 5.4 3.75 130.6
Moose Meadows 4 Eel River Bar First Nation         4.047
Oromocto 26 Oromocto 286 284 0.7 0.28 1,016.7
Pabineau 11 Pabineau 141 125 12.8 4.89 28.8
Pokemouche 13 Esgenoopetitj (Burnt Church) First Nation         1.514
Red Bank 4 Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation 352 383 −8.1 16.19 21.7
Red Bank 7 Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation         10.117
Renous 12 Eel Ground         0.1
Richibucto 15 Elsipogtog First Nation 1,985 1,897 4.6 12.18 162.9
Soegao 35 Elsipogtog First Nation         1.045
St. Basile 10 Madawaska Maliseet First Nation 205 166 23.5 3.21 63.9
St. Mary's 24 Saint Mary's         0.01
Tabusintac 9 Esgenoopetitj (Burnt Church) First Nation 10 10 0 22 0.5
The Brothers 18 Kingsclear, Madawaska Maliseet First Nation Tobique and Woodstock         0.04
Tobique 20 Tobique 1,039 878 18.3 24.94 41.7
Woodstock 23 Woodstock 345 338 2.1 1.77 194.7
Total Indian reserves 7,855 7,586 3.5 143.4 54.8

References[edit]

  1. ^ 500 nations. "New Brunswick First Nations". Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  2. ^ Atlantic Region Aboriginal Communities Map - Indian and Northern Affairs Canada http://pse5-esd5.ainc-inac.gc.ca/FNP/Main/Search/FNListGrid.aspx?lang=eng Last accessed 27 July 2012
  3. ^ a b "List of Reserves/Settlements/Villages (New Brunswick)". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. June 28, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (New Brunswick)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]