First Perso-Turkic War

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First Perso-Turkic War
The Battle between Bahram Chubina and Sava Shah LACMA M.2009.44.1 (3 of 9).jpg
Shahnameh artwork of Bahram Chobin fighting Bagha/Yabghu Qaghan
Date 588-589
Location Central Asia
Result Decisive Iranian victory
Territorial
changes
Sassanids capture Balkh and takes over Hephthalite territory[1]
Belligerents
Sasanian Empire Hephthalite principalities
Göktürks
Commanders and leaders
Bahram Chobin
Bahram Siyavoshan
Bagha/Yabghu Qaghan 
(Ch'u-lo-hou)
Strength
42,000 men[2][3](modern estimates)
12,000 [4](ancient estimates)
300,000 men[5][6][7](likely exaggeration)
Casualties and losses
4,000 280,000

The First Perso-Turkic War[citation needed] was fought during 588-589[8] between the Sassanid Persians and Hephthalite principalities and its lord the Göktürks. The conflict started with the invasion of the Persian Empire by the Turks and ended with a decisive Sassanid victory and the conquest of the Eastern Turks.

Context[edit]

In 558, Khosrau I, Shah of Sassanid Persia, allied with the Göktürks to defeat the Hephthalites. The campaign was successful and the region north of the Oxus went to the Turks and the south came under Sassanid rule. However, in the 580's, the Turks once again commenced with their raids on the Silk Road and in 588, the Hephthalites, who were now part of the Western Turkic Khaganate, invaded the empire once more.

Bahram Chobin was chosen to lead an army against them. According to Shahbazi, Bahram's army consisted of 12,000 hand picked Savaran, Persia's elite soldiers. His army ambushed a large army of Turks and Hephthalites in April 588, at the battle of Hyrcanian rock,[9] and again in 589, capturing Balkh. He then proceeded to cross the Oxus river and managed to repulse the Turkic Invasion and taking over Hephthalite territory that was occupied by the Turks.

It is reputed that an arrow shot by Bahram killed the Eastern Turkic Khagan, Bagha/Yabghu Qaghan,[10] known as Ch'u-lo-hou by the Chinese .

Ferdowsi's Shahnameh (C.E. 1010) describes in legendary detail the dealings of Bahram Chubin and the Turkic "King Sawa" before and during the battle in which Bahram with his 12,000 kills Sawa [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/bahram-the-name-of-six-sasanian-kings#pt7
  2. ^ Kaveh Farrokh (Author), Angus McBride (Illustrator), Sassanian Elite Cavalry AD 224-642, ISBN 978-1-84176-713-0, Osprey Publishing (July 13, 2005), p.53
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, translation of History of the Prophets and Kings by Bal'ami, section "The Sasanids"
  4. ^ Shahbazi, A. Sh. "BAHRĀM (2) , (Section vii. Bahrām VI Čōbīn)". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  5. ^ Natell Khanlari , Safa, Parviz , Zabih Allah (1977). Barram Chobin ( A section of Bal'ami's translation of Tabari's History of the Prophets and Kings (9th ed.). Tehran: Amir-Kabir. p. 10. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Buddha Prakash, Studies in Indian History and Civilization, Shiva Lal Agarwala, 1962, p. 318.
  9. ^ Tony Jaques, Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O, (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007), 463.
  10. ^ Aspects of the relationship between the ancient Turks and Sogdians Takashi Ôsawa
  11. ^ Volume VIII of the online Shah Nama at [3], under "The Reign of Hurmuzd, Son of Nushirwan."

Sources[edit]

  • Kaveh Farroukh, Sassanian Elite Cavalry AD 224-642