First Quarter Storm

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First Quarter Storm
Date 1970
Location Manila
Result Unknown, Martial law in 1972
Belligerents
Hammer and sickle.svg Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas
Hammer and sickle.svg Communist Party of the Philippines

NPA.png New Peoples Army
Soviet Union Soviet Union(supporting the PKP)
China China (allegedly supporting CPP-NPA)

Philippines Philippine Army
Philippines Philippine Constabulary
Philippines Presidential Security Group
Commanders and leaders
Hammer and sickle.svg Jose Maria Sison
Hammer and sickle.svg Bernabe Buscayno
Hammer and sickle.svg Francisco Nemenzo
Hammer and sickle.svg Nilo Tayag
Hammer and sickle.svgCarol Pagaduan-Araullo
Philippines Edgar Jopson
Philippines Gerardo Barican
Philippines Abram Sarmiento
Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
Philippines Maj Gen Fabian C. Ver

The First Quarter Storm was a period of leftist unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970. It was one of the factors leading to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972.[1]

History[edit]

It began in January 1970, when students welcomed Marcos with demonstrations after his speech in the Congress. The movement was led by the student leaders of the University of the Philippines, echoing recent student demonstrations all around the world before 1970.[1] But then, the Moderate demonstration turned into a Radical one, led by the Kabataang Makabayan founder Jose Maria Sison as well as the leader of the New People's Army Bernabe "Kuya Dante" Buscayno. Laborers also took part, protesting against graft and corruption in the government, and the decline in the economy caused by high oil prices and the overkill electoral victory of Marcos for his second term.[2] Some sources stated that the unrest is the plan to overthrow the government through communist as well as socialist support to the masses, as well as students and workers who facilitated the storm. Most of the activists carried Molotov cocktails and pillbox bombs to counter the policemen attacks at Malacañan Palace.[1]

The storm ended violently when the police used tear gas and arms to quell the demonstrators. Students tried to counter using Molotov cocktails and pillbox bombs while retreating. Those who were slow enough were beaten with rifle butts and fists of the police. The storm extended to Divisoria district in Tondo, Manila. After the failed protest, some of the surviving radical students, mostly from the University of the Philippines, Lyceum of the Philippines, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and the University of the East, became avowed Marxists, and took up arms, engaging in guerrilla and urban warfare.[1]

The First Quarter Storm was one of the factors that led President Ferdinand Marcos to declare Martial Law two years later in 1972.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Joaquin, Nick (1990). Manila,My Manila. Vera-Reyes, Inc. 
  2. ^ Mijares, Primitivo (1975). The Conjugal Dictatorship. 

External links[edit]