First Quench Retailing
|Headquarters||Welwyn Garden City, England|
First Quench Retailing was the largest independent off-licence retail chain in the UK, with around 1,300 shops operating under several retail brands, though all have now been closed. Its head office was based in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire. On 29 October 2009 it was announced that the company had entered into administration.
The company was originally formed as First Quench Retailing by the merger of the Whitbread owned Threshers and the Allied Domecq owned Victoria Wine in August 1998. This brought together the 1,470 Thresher Wine Shop, Drinks Cabin, Wine Rack, "Bottoms Up" and Huttons brands with around 1,500 Victoria Wine Cellars, Haddows, Martha's Vineyard, and The Firkin. Allied Domecq later sold their 50% of the company to Punch Taverns in September 1999.
In November 1991, Threshers, then owned by Whitbread alone, had bought the Peter Bottomfield Dominic Group from Grand Metropolitan for £50m. The Bottoms Up brand of shops, formerly owned by Peter Bottomfield Dominic, was retained. Peter (Bottomfield) Dominic was separated from GrandMet's IDV group in 1989 to become a retail division.
At time of the merger, the company employed around 20,000 people and claimed to account for around 13% of the take home drinks market - Tesco, in comparison, claimed around 14%. The number of stores and employees were gradually reduced in the years following, although it remained the largest off-licence chain until the company's demise in 2009.
The company's stores were split across several brand focussed trading divisions which were eventually reduced to two. A wine-led division included their premium brand and high wine mix stores, with the 'drinks division' focussed around their convenience driven and drinks-led shops.
Terra Firma Capital Partners purchased the company in April 2002.
In March 2003 Terra Firma Capital Partners dispensed with the First Quench name and adopted Thresher Group as the overall company identity and trading name - First Quench Retailing Limited remained the legal name.
In July 2003 the company acquired gourmet meal business Leaping Salmon to attempt exploit the natural links between food and wine. They later experimented rebranding some stores 'Thresher + Food' to offer premium ready meals, but after the experiment proved unsuccessful, those stores were eventually reverted to either the 'Thresher's' or 'Wine Rack' brands.
In June 2007, Thresher Group was sold to the equity company Vision Capital for around £250 million.
In 2008 the company reverted to using the First Quench Retailing (FQR) name from Thresher Group.
On 29 October 2009 it was announced that First Quench Retailing had entered into administration, and KPMG were appointed administrators. The following day, 81 redundancies were made at the company's head office in Welwyn Garden City.
The brand names Thresher's, The Local, Bottoms Up and Victoria Wine were subsequently purchased by Midlands-based newsagent, off-licence and convenience store operator Dave's Discount Group.
- Brands trading prior to entering administration-
- Primarily Wine with Beer/Ale/Cider
- Wine Rack (True Blue)- Customer Service and Product Knowledge driven
- Value and convenience goods including alcohol
- The Local (Yellow)
- Threshers (Red)
- Scottish Brand, with main focus on Wine/Beer/Cider/Ale
- Haddows (Purple)
- Brands which were phased out or renamed after takeovers or restructures-
- Bottoms Up (offering up to 650 brands of wine in one shop)
- Wine Rack
- Victoria Wine
- Peter (Bottomfield) Dominic
- Martha's Vineyard
- Drink retailing
- Drinks Cabin
- (Former) Unwins
- Firkin Off-Licence
- Drinks Direct
- Wood, Zoe (30 October 2009). "Threat to 6,500 jobs as Threshers goes into administration". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Threshers buys 200 Unwins stores". BBC News. 2005-12-23.
- "Web discount frenzy at Threshers". BBC News. 1 December 2006.
- "Threshers owner in administration". BBC News. 2009-10-29.
- Leroux, Marcus; Walsh, Dominic (2009-10-30). "Threshers owner falls into administration". London: Times Online.
- "Threshers owner reveals job cuts". BBC News. 2009-10-30.
- "Midcounties Co-op sells News Express"; The Grocer, 27 Aug 2011