First Succession Act
|Chapter||25 Hen 8 c 22|
|Territorial extent||Kingdom of England|
|Royal Assent||March 1534|
|Repeal date||June 1536|
|Related legislation||Act Respecting the Oath to the Succession|
|Repealing legislation||Second Succession Act|
|Text of statute as originally enacted|
The First Succession Act of Henry VIII's reign was passed by the Parliament of England in March 1534. The Act was formally titled the Succession to the Crown Act 1533 (citation 25 Hen 8 c 22), or the Act of Succession 1533; it is often dated as 1534, as it was passed in that calendar year. However, the legal calendar in use at that time dated the beginning of the year as March 25, and so considered the Act as being in 1533.
The Act made then yet unborn Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King Henry VIII by Anne Boleyn, the true successor to the Crown by declaring Princess Mary, daughter of the King by Catherine of Aragon, a bastard. The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the King's supremacy. Under the Treasons Act 1534 anyone who refused to take the oath was subject to a charge of treason. This happened to Sir Thomas More, who refused to swear the oath because it acknowledged the anti-Papal powers of Parliament in matters of religion.
The currently applicable legislation is the Act of Settlement 1701.
- Act Respecting the Oath to the Succession (Succession to the Crown Act 1534)
- Second Succession Act (Succession to the Crown: Marriage Act 1536)
- Third Succession Act (Succession to the Crown Act 1543)
- Line of succession to the British throne
- Alternative successions of the English crown
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