First Succession Act

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Succession to the Crown Act 1533
Chapter 25 Hen 8 c 22
Territorial extent Kingdom of England
Dates
Royal Assent March 1534
Repeal date June 1536
Other legislation
Related legislation Act Respecting the Oath to the Succession
Repealing legislation Second Succession Act
Status: Repealed
Text of statute as originally enacted
Mary as a young woman
The Lady Mary in 1544

The First Succession Act of Henry VIII's reign was passed by the Parliament of England in March 1534. The Act was formally titled the Succession to the Crown Act 1533 (citation 25 Hen 8 c 22), or the Act of Succession 1533; it is often dated as 1534, as it was passed in that calendar year. However, the legal calendar in use at that time dated the beginning of the year as March 25, and so considered the Act as being in 1533.

The Act made then yet unborn Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King Henry VIII by Anne Boleyn, the true successor to the Crown by declaring Princess Mary, daughter of the King by Catherine of Aragon, a bastard. The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the King's supremacy. Under the Treasons Act 1534 anyone who refused to take the oath was subject to a charge of treason.

The Act was later altered by the Second Succession Act, which made Elizabeth illegitimate, and the Third Succession Act, which returned both sisters to the line of succession.

The currently applicable legislation is the Act of Settlement 1701.

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Cannon, John Ashton. The Oxford Companion to British History. 1st ed. Oxford [England: Oxford UP, 1997. Print.
  • Gardiner, Juliet, and Neil Wenborn. The Columbia Companion to British History. New York: Columbia UP, 1997. Print.
  • Haigh, Christopher. English Reformations: Religion, Politics, and Society under the Tudors. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1993. Print.
  • Loades, David. Henry VIII Court, Church and Conflict. National Archives, 2007. Print.
  • Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Henry VIII. New York, NY: Viking Penguin, 1985. Print.
  • Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "More, Thomas (1478-1535)". Dictionary of National Biography 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 437–8. 
  • Viorst, Milton. The Great Documents of Western Civilization. Philadelphia: Chilton, 1965. Print.

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