First White House of the Confederacy

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First White House of the Confederacy
Erstes konfoederiertes Weisses Haus.jpg
First White House of the Confederacy
Location Montgomery, Alabama
Coordinates 32°22′34.15″N 86°17′59.71″W / 32.3761528°N 86.2999194°W / 32.3761528; -86.2999194Coordinates: 32°22′34.15″N 86°17′59.71″W / 32.3761528°N 86.2999194°W / 32.3761528; -86.2999194
Area less than one acre
Built 1835
Architectural style Italianate
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 74000432[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 25, 1974
Designated ARLH August 14, 2012[2]

The First White House of the Confederacy was the executive residence of President Jefferson Davis and family while the capital of the Confederate States of America was in Montgomery, Alabama. Completely furnished with original period pieces from the 1850s and 1860s, the 1835 Italianate-style house is open to the public. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1974 and the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage since 2012.[1][2]

In February 1861, shortly after selecting Davis as president, the Provisional Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, authorized the leasing of an executive mansion. An offer came from Colonel Edmund S. Harrison of nearby Prattville, Alabama, who had recently purchased a newly renovated house in Montgomery that had previously been owned by a series of prominent citizens of the city. He offered to rent the house fully furnished and staffed for $5,000 per year.

The house served as the first White House of the Confederacy from February 1861 until late May 1861, when the Confederate capital moved to Richmond, Virginia. During that time, the White House was the setting for many lavish parties and receptions hosted by Mrs. Davis.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "The Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". preserveala.org. Alabama Historical Commission. June 21, 2013. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ Floyd, W. Warner (April 1, 1974). "First White House of the Confederacy". National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.  See also: "Accompanying photos". Archived from the original on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 

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