First World privilege

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First World privilege, similar to white privilege and male privilege, is a term which refers to the notion of unearned advantages accrued by an individual by virtue of being a national of a First World country.[1][2] There is a large overlap between First World privilege and white privilege, as most white people are from the First World and most people from the First World are white.[3]

It is possible to adopt the view that First-World privilege is often explicitly maintained by legal means by means such as immigration laws and trade barriers.[4] Further it is may be asserted that very few nations have laws that prevent explicit discrimination on the basis of nationality for access to employment, promotions, education, scholarships, etc.;;[5] it is further possible to adopt the view that laws of many nations actively encourage the discrimination against foreign nationals, for employment and educational purposes, via stringent immigration requirements, exorbitant fees, devaluation of educational qualifications, and scholarship quotas that usually favor citizens from developed nations.[3]

First World nations usually have mutual trade and immigration arrangements and treaties that limit the discrimination faced by First-World nationals regarding employment, education and business in other First World countries. The existence of discriminatory laws and barriers across the world, according to First World privilege theory, on balance systematically favor the employment, business, access to education and health care, and subsequently welfare of citizens of First World nations at the cost of the welfare and oppression of the people of developing nations.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Globalization and Human Rights by Alison Brysk
  2. ^ Greenberg, Daniel J. (May 2008). "Teaching Global Citizenship, Social Change, and Economic Development in a History Course: A Course Model in Latin American Travel/Service Learning". History Teacher 41 (3). Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Drawing the global colour line: white men's countries and the international challenge of racial equality Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  4. ^ Redding, Stephen & Venables, Anthony J. (January 2004). "Economic geography and international inequality". Journal of International Economics 62 (1). doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2003.07.001. 
  5. ^ Global Rights, Local Wrongs, and Legal Fixes: An International Human Rights Critique of Immigration and Welfare Reform; Hernandez-Truyol, Berta Esperanza; Johns, Kimberly A.