List of firsts in India

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This is a list of firsts in India.

Architecture[edit]

Awards and titles[edit]

Nobel Prize[edit]

Defence (in the Republic of India)[edit]

Economy[edit]

Exploration[edit]

Film, TV and entertainment[edit]

Governance[edit]

Science[edit]

Medical science[edit]

Sport[edit]

Olympics[edit]

Chess[edit]

  • Chess Grandmaster: Male - Viswanathan Anand, 1988.
  • Female - Koneru Humpy - 2002 - She was also the youngest woman to become a grandmaster at 15 years old. (Hou Yifan of China is the youngest woman to become a grandmaster, at 14 years and 6 months.)

Tennis[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Women[edit]

Places[edit]

  • First partition of Indian state: Bengal
  • First road which is a connected to a Wi-Fi Zone: Rajarhat (connecting Rajarhat Main Arterial Road to the airport to Sector V in the city of Kolkata with 10.5 km)[28]
  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate: Ernakulam district, Kerala, 1990
  • City/town to achieve 100% literacy rate: Kottayam, Kerala, 1989
  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate and lowest population growth rate: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala
  • District to be polio-free: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala
  • District to achieve tobacco free: Kottayam district, Kerala, 27 September 2008
  • District to become India's 'total electrified district': Palakkad, Kerala, 2011
  • City to have an e-court: Ahmedabad, 8 February 2009

Transport[edit]

  • First (Metro) rail to become Zone of Indian Railways: Kolkata Metro as the (17Th Zonal Headquarter) (30-12-2010)[29]
  • First and the only Indian (Metro) rail under Indian Railways: Kolkata Metro
  • First Passenger Train: between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853
  • First suburban railway line: Mumbai Suburban Railway in 1857
  • First rapid transit (Metro) rail: Kolkata Metro in 1984
  • First Motorcar: in 1897, Mr Forster of Crompton Greaves
  • First Motorcar in regular use: Francis Spring, Chennai in 1901.
  • First Indians to own a motor car: Jamshedji Tata and Rustom Cama, a Parsi Lawyer in 1901.
  • First competitive event: Delhi - Bombay trials in 1905 at the behest of Lord Curzon and Motor Union of Western India to test the suitability of the Automobile for Indian roads and to facilitate interaction between the fledging Automobile Industry and prospective Indian clients[30][31][32][33][34]
  • Oldest surviving and running cars in India: De Dion Bouton 1904, Rover 1905
  • First woman to drive a car in India: [35] RD Tata 1905
  • First Motor Taxi: Mumbai, 1911
  • First largescale import of motor cars: Relatively large contingent of motorcars imported for the Delhi Darbar held in 1911 to mark the arrival of King George V[36]
  • First registration scheme for motor vehicles in India: 1912
  • Arrival of mass production technology makes the Automobile a practical means of transport by the 1920s and most British officers had cars
  • First Assembly of motor cars: General Motors sets up the first assembly unit to assemble cars from imported parts in 1928. The National Series AB sedan is produced.
  • First manufacture of motor cars: Hindustan Motors begins production of cars in 1942. Premier automobiles and Standard Motors setup. Technology stagnates as a result of economic autarky as India is isolated from the rest of the world
  • First act leading to liberalization of the Auto sector: Maruti 800 launched in 1983 and the automotive industry is progressively liberalized
  • First fully indigenous passenger car developed in India: Tata Indica, launched in 1998
  • First expressway: Mumbai - Pune Expressway in 2000,
  • First major acquisition of a foreign company by an Indian company: Tata Motors acquires Jaguar and Land Rover in 2007. Mahindra Automotive emerges as the top bidder for SsangYong Motor Company in 2010.
  • First aeroplane in India: Maharaja of Patiala, 1910[37]
  • Domestic commercial aviation is born in India in 1911 when on 18 February, Henri Piquet, flying a Humber biplane, carries mall from Allahabad to Naini Junction, some six miles away.
  • 1927: India's first airline, Imperial Airways, extends its Empire Routes to India, connecting India with the outside world for the first time through an air network. A de Havilland Hercules flies the Cairo-Basra-Karachi-Jodhpur-Delhi route. It is also the first domestic passenger flight to be operated in India. Passengers could be for the first time fly from Karachi to Jodhpur and to Delhi on Imperial Airways.
  • On 10 February 1929, J. R. D. Tata is awarded India's first pilot licence, Pilot Licence No.1 by Federation Aeronotique International signed by Sir Victor Sasoon on behalf of the Aero Club of India and Burma.
  • 1932: Urmila K Parikh becomes the first woman to get a pilot licence when she is given an a licence by the Aero Club of India and Burma.
  • 1932: J. R. D. Tata launches India's first scheduled airline, Tata Airlines, by piloting the first flight himself from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad on a single-engine Puss Moth with a load of airmail.

Others[edit]

13 Jun 2010 – Vaidya is the first Nagpurian to get two Limca records within a year in ... as the first record holder in the field of development of eco-innovation.

  • World's first hand written needle book: Madhushala[42]
  • Writer of world's first hand written needle book (Madhushala): Piyush Goel[43]
  • First Disabled Friendly Bank ATM by Union Bank of India[44]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A mosque from a Hindu king; Travelogue; News from India, News for Tourists and Travellers, India Travel Times, India News, India News Times, Indian News, Travel News, Travel, ...
  2. ^ Randhathani, Hussain http://web.archive.org/web/20060622220846/http://jaihoon.com/watan/indarbmappilacommunity.htm
  3. ^ Harvard Commencement 1993 - Bhaswati Bhattacharya's Oration - YouTube
  4. ^ The International Who's Who 2004
  5. ^ Indian Army Welcomes Its First Woman Jawan, Mother Of 2
  6. ^ "Thermal Plants". Neyveli Lignite Corporation. Retrieved 11 Jan 2012. 
  7. ^ Riya Chakravarty (May 3, 2013). "Indian cinema@100: First women on screen: Durgabai Kamat and her daughter Kamlabai Ghokhle". NDTV. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Vikram Gokhale has an illustrious family lineage". The Times of India. Jan 23, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  9. ^ Gokulsing, K.; Wimal Dissanayake (2004). Indian popular cinema: a narrative of cultural change. Trentham Books. p. 24. ISBN 1-85856-329-1. 
  10. ^ "The cinema of ‘bad light’". Indian Express. 13 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  11. ^ First movies
  12. ^ First Indian Cinemascope Film
  13. ^ "Kannada film in Guinness". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2005-07-15 (Chennai, India: The Hindu). 15 July 2005. 
  14. ^ "Neetu Chandra: Bihari babe, Lakhnawi at heart - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  15. ^ Saregama’s online store www.livemint.com Wall Street Journal, 10 December 2007.
  16. ^ Rebuilding a 100 years of priceless recordings The Indian Express, 17 September 2006.
  17. ^ 'First dancing girl, Calcutta'
  18. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/2000/20000226/main2.htm#4
  19. ^ First in India
  20. ^ Sidrapong Hydel Power Station
  21. ^ History - KPTCL
  22. ^ Companies that have survived 100 years in India - Business Today - Business News
  23. ^ CESC is among the country's most efficient utilities - Business Today
  24. ^ http://www.ficci-heal.com/programme/pdf/28/HariPrasadd.pdf
  25. ^ "Malda gets India's first women's court - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  26. ^ First Indian woman to qualify for Paris cycling event - Indian Express
  27. ^ "Pune's Sucheta becomes first Indian woman to cross Gobi desert". The Times Of India. 30 July 2011. 
  28. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/10-5km-Wi-Fi-zone-in-Rajarhat-New-Town/articleshow/36728018.cms
  29. ^ "Kolkata Metro is now the 17th zone of Indian Railways - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  30. ^ :: The Federation of Motor Sports Clubs of India ::
  31. ^ The Motor. 1904. 
  32. ^ Papers Past — Star — 11 Paengawhāwhā 1905 — MOTORING
  33. ^ http://dawn.com.pk/weekly/books/archive/040425/books1.htm
  34. ^ Papers Past — Poverty Bay Herald — 22 November 1904 — ALPINE ACCIDENTS
  35. ^ Eshan Ulla Robet
  36. ^ Delhi Durbar, India 1911
  37. ^ /http://ashwinnaik.com/blog/?p=36
  38. ^ http://www.facts-about-india.com/First-in-India.php
  39. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (June 12, 2013). "Dot, dash, full stop: Telegram service ends July 15". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  40. ^ Hena Naqvi (2007). Journalism And Mass Communication. Upkar Prakashan. p. 42. ISBN 978-81-7482-108-9. 
  41. ^ Environmentalist-poet eyes Guinness record - Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com › Collections › Guinness
  42. ^ http://www.worldrecordsindia.com/?s=World+First+needle+book+Book+
  43. ^ http://cityplus.jagran.com/city-news/reviving-great-words-unconventionally_1342766298.html
  44. ^ http://www.worldrecordsindia.com/2012/09/first-disabled-friendly-bank-atm/