Primorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Primorsk.
Primorsk (English)
Приморск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Primorsk is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Primorsk
Primorsk
Location of Primorsk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°44′N 20°01′E / 54.733°N 20.017°E / 54.733; 20.017Coordinates: 54°44′N 20°01′E / 54.733°N 20.017°E / 54.733; 20.017
Rybaki COA.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Baltiysky District[1]
Town of district significance Primorsk[1]
Administrative center of town of district significance of Primorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Municipal district Baltiysky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Primorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Primorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 1,956 inhabitants[3]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1268[5]
Town status since 2008[citation needed]
Previous names Fischhausen (until 1945),[5]
Fishkhauzen (until 1946)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 238510
Primorsk on WikiCommons

Primorsk (Russian: Примо́рск), prior to 1946 known by its German name Fischhausen (Lithuanian: Žuvininkai/Skanavikas; Polish: Rybaki), is a town in Baltiysky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Vistula Lagoon. Population: 1,956 (2010 Census);[3] 2,150 (2002 Census);[7] 1,792 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Established in 1268,[5] it is one of the oldest settlements in the region. As Fischhausen, it has been associated with the name of St. Adalbert of Prague, supposedly beheaded nearby in 997 by the pagan Sambians after he destroyed their sacred oak grove. It became the seat of the Bishops of Sambia in 1243. In 1818, Fischhausen became the district seat of Kreis Fischhausen in East Prussia in the Kingdom of Prussia. Fischhausen's richly endowed church was one of the oldest in the province.

During World War II, the Soviet Red Army advanced towards Fischhausen after the capture of Königsberg. The town was captured after a battle on April 21–24, 1945; during the fighting it was almost completely destroyed.

After the war, the town was transferred to Soviet control and in 1946 it was given its present name (which literally means "maritime" in Russian). In 2005, it was demoted in status to that of an urban-type settlement. In 2008, its town status was restored.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated within Baltiysky District as the town of district significance of Primorsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Primorsk is incorporated within Baltiysky Municipal District as Primorskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Resolution #640
  2. ^ a b c d Law #274
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 361. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast #640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №274 от 3 июля 2008 г «Об организации местного самоуправления на территории муниципального образования "Балтийский городской округ"», в ред. Закона №370 от 1 июля 2009 г «О составе территорий муниципальных образований Калининградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда", №124, 11 июля 2008 г. (Kaliningrad Oblast Duma. Law #274 of July 3, 2008 On the Organization of the Local Self-Government on the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Baltiysky Urban Okrug", as amended by the Law #370 of July 1, 2009 On the Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formations of Kaliningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).