The Western Shoshone comprise several Shoshone tribes that are indigenous to the Great Basin and have lands identified in the Treaty of Ruby Valley 1863. They resided in Idaho, Nevada, California, and Utah. The tribes are very closely related culturally to the Paiute, Goshute, Bannock, Ute, and Timbisha tribes. Linguistically, they speak the Western dialect of the Shoshone language. Other Shoshone-speaking groups include the Goshute (Utah-Nevada border), Northern Shoshone (southern Idaho), and Eastern Shoshone (western Wyoming).
Bands of Western Shoshone are named for their traditional geographical homelands and their primary food sources.
- Kuyatikka (Kuyudikka, Bitterroot Eaters), Halleck, Mary's River, Clover Valley, Smith Creek Valley, Nevada
- Mahaguadüka (Mentzelia Seed Eaters), Ruby Valley, Nevada
- Painkwitikka (Penkwitikka, Fish Eaters), Cache Valley, Idaho and Utah
- Pasiatikka (Redtop Grass Eaters), Deep Creek Gosiute, Deep Creek Valley, Antelope Valley
- Tipatikka (Pinenut Eaters), northernmost band
- Tsaiduka (Tule Eaters), Railroad Valley, Nevada
- Tsogwiyuyugi, Elko, Nevada
- Waitikka (Ricegrass Eaters), Ione Valley, Nevada
- Watatikka (Ryegrass Seed Eaters), Ruby Valley, Nevada
- Wiyimpihtikka (Buffalo Berry Eaters)
Federally recognized Western Shoshone tribes include:
- Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation, California
- Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah
- Death Valley Timbi-Sha Shoshone Band of California
- Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada
- Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada
- Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon
- Northwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation, Utah
- Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony, California
- Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada
- Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation, California
- Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada
- Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada
- Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah
- Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada
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The Western Shoshone have issued their own passports since 1982. In 2010, when Timbisha Shoshone Chairman Joe Kennedy and Western Shoshone elder Carrie Dann went to the World Peoples Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth in Cochabamba, Bolivia, Chairman Kennedy traveled on his Western Shoshone passport. For further information on passport issues, see the Iroquois passport.
Notable Western Shoshone
- Raymond Yowell, Traditional Chief
- Ned Blackhawk, a Te-Moak historian and professor at Yale
- Carrie Dann, elder and lands right activist
- Mary Dann, elder and land rights activist
- Corbin Harney, elder and anti-nuclear activist
- Felix Ike, Western Shoshone Claims Steering Committee
- Mary McCloud, elder and activist
- Frank Temoak, traditional hereditary chief
- Ian Zabarte, Principle Man for Foreign Affairs
- Thomas, Pendleton, and Cappannari 280–283
- "History of the Shoshone Indians". Shoshone Indians. indians.org. September 20, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013. "The Western Shoshone, along with other unrepresented tribes, began issuing their own passports in 1982 after declaring their own sovereignty."
- Norrell, Brenda (April 21, 2010). "Bolivia: Sovereignty and the Rights of Mother Earth". The Narcosphere. narconews.com. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
- Thomas, David H., Lorann S.A. Pendleton, and Stephen C. Cappannari. "Western Shoshone." Warren L. d'Azevedo, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Great Basin, Volume 11. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1986: 262–283. ISBN 978-0-16-004581-3.
- "Western Shoshone Struggle Earns World Recognition"