Fish of Montana

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Westslope Cutthroat Trout

There are at least 31 game and 59 non-game fish species known to occur in Montana.[1] Among Montana's fish, three are listed as endangered or threatened species and the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks lists a number of species as Species of Concern.[2]

Species are listed by common name, scientific name, typical habitat and occurrence. Common and scientific names from the Montana Field Guide[1]

Game fish[edit]

Trout[edit]

Bull Trout

Order: Salmoniformes, Family: Salmonidae [3]

Brown trout

Paddlefish[edit]

Paddlefish

Order: Acipenseriformes, Family: Polyodontidae [5]

Pike[edit]

Order: Esociformes, Family: Esocidae [6]

Bass, Sunfish[edit]

Black Crappie

Order: Perciformes, Family: Centrarchidae [7]

Perch[edit]

Yellowperch

Order: Perciformes, Family: Percidae [8]

  • Non-native, exotic species

Catfish[edit]

Order: Siluriformes, Family: Ictaluridae [9]

Sturgeon[edit]

Order: Acipenseriformes, Family: Acipenseridae [10]

Burbot[edit]

Burbot

Order: Gadiformes, Family: Gadidae [11]

  • Native species

Non-game fish[edit]

Bass, Sunfish[edit]

Bluegill

Order: Perciformes, Family: Centrarchidae [7]

Perch[edit]

Order: Perciformes, Family: Percidae [8]

Temperate Basses[edit]

Order: Perciformes, Family: Moronidae [12]

  • Non-native, exotic species

Catfish[edit]

Yellow bullhead

Order: Siluriformes, Family: Ictaluridae [9]

  • Native species

Drum[edit]

Order: Perciformes, Family: Sciaenidae [13]

Smelt[edit]

Order: Salmoniformes, Family: Osmeridae [14]

Gars[edit]

Shortnose Gar

Order: Lepisosteiformes. Family: Lepisosteidae [15]

Mooneyes[edit]

Order: Hiodontiformes, Family: Hiodontidae [16]

  • Native species

Mollies[edit]

Mosquitofish

Order: Cyprinodontiformes, Family: Poeciliidae [17]

Killifish[edit]

Order: Cyprinodontiformes, Family: Fundulidae [18]

Minnows[edit]

Sand shiner

Order: Cypriniformes, Family: Cyprinidae [19]

Suckers[edit]

White sucker

Order: Cypriniformes, Family: Catostomidae [20]

Mudminnows[edit]

Order: Esociformes, Family: Umbridae [21]

Sculpins[edit]

Mottled sculpin

Order: Scorpaeniformes, Family: Cottidae [22]

Sticklebacks[edit]

Brook stickleback

Order: Gasterosteiformes, Family: Gasterosteidae [23]

Trout-perch[edit]

Order: Percopsiformes, Family: Percopsidae [24]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "Montana Fisheries Information System". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  • Burr, Brooks M.; Page, Lawrence M. (1991). A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes : North America North of Mexico (Peterson Field Guides). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-395-91091-9. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Montana Field Guide". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  2. ^ Species of Concern are native taxa that are at-risk due to declining population trends, threats to their habitats, restricted distribution, and/or other factors. Designation as a Montana Species of Concern or Potential Species of Concern is based on the Montana Status Rank, and is not a statutory or regulatory classification. Rather, these designations provide information that helps resource managers make proactive decisions regarding species conservation and data collection priorities. "Species Status Codes". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Trout". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d Rockwell, David (2008). čɫq̓étkʷ ntx̣ʷétkʷs - ’a kinmituk - The Lower Flathead River, Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana, a cultural, historical, and scientific resource. Pablo, Montana: Salish Kootenai College Tribal History Project. 
  5. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Paddlefish". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  6. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Pikes and Pickerels". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  7. ^ a b "Montana Field Guide-Sunfishes". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  8. ^ a b "Montana Field Guide-Perches". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  9. ^ a b "Montana Field Guide-Catfish and Bullheads". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  10. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Sturgeon". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  11. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Burbot". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  12. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Temperate Basses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  13. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Drums". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  14. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Smelt". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  15. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Gars". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  16. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Mooneyes". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  17. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Livebearers (Mosquitofish / Mollies / Swordtails)". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  18. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Killifish". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  19. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Minnows". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  20. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Suckers". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  21. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Mudminnows". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  22. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Sculpins". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  23. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Sticklebacks". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  24. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Trout-Perch". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-11-25.