Fisher County, Texas

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Fisher County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Fisher County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1876
Named for Samuel Rhoads Fisher
Seat Roby
Largest city Rotan
Area
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,336 km2)
 • Land 899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 3,974
 • Density 5/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.fisher.tx.us

Fisher County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,974.[1] The seat of the county is Roby.[2] The county is named for Samuel Rhoads Fisher,[3] a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and a Secretary of the Navy of the Republic of Texas. Fisher County is one of 30[4] prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Fisher County in the Texas House of Representatives.[5]

History[edit]

  • 10000 b.c. Paleo-Indians first inhabitants. Later native American inhabitants include the Pawnee, Wichita and Waco, Lipan Apache, Kiowa and Comanche.[6]
  • 1876 The Texas legislature forms Fisher County from Bexar districts. The new county is named after Samuel Rhoads Fisher.[6]
  • 1880 The census reports 136 inhabitants, 24,164.[6]
  • 1881 The Texas and Pacific Railway routes an east-west branch through Eskota.[7]
  • 1885 Town of Fisher is registered. Swedish immigrants found the community of Swedonia.[8]
  • 1886 Town of North Roby is registered. Roby eventually wins the county seat election over Fisher, but it is later discovered that one of the voters, a Mr. Bill Purp, is actually a dog whose owner lives near Roby.[9]
  • 1920 Fisher County is among Texas leaders in wheat production.[6]
  • 1926 Cotton becomes king, as 48,000 bales are ginned in the county.[6]
  • 1928 Oil is discovered in the county.[6]
  • 1970 The county's average annual farm income is evenly divided between livestock and crops.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 899 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.[10]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 136
1890 2,996 2,102.9%
1900 2,708 −9.6%
1910 12,596 365.1%
1920 11,009 −12.6%
1930 13,563 23.2%
1940 12,932 −4.7%
1950 11,023 −14.8%
1960 7,865 −28.6%
1970 6,344 −19.3%
1980 5,891 −7.1%
1990 4,842 −17.8%
2000 4,344 −10.3%
2010 3,974 −8.5%
Est. 2012 3,844 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1850-2010[12]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 4,344 people, 1,785 households, and 1,244 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,277 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.75% White, 2.76% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 11.58% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 21.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,785 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 22.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,659, and the median income for a family was $34,907. Males had a median income of $25,071 versus $20,536 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,120. About 13.50% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 126. 
  4. ^ "Wet/Dry Status of Texas Counties as of November 2010". Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Shelton, Hooper. "Fisher County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Eskota, Texas". Texas Escapes. exas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Swedonia, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "Roby, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 16, 2013
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°44′N 100°24′W / 32.74°N 100.40°W / 32.74; -100.40