Fisheries science

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The 78 metre Danish fisheries research vessel Dana

Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of limnology, oceanography, freshwater biology, marine biology, conservation, ecology, population dynamics, economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries. In some cases new disciplines have emerged, as in the case of bioeconomics and fisheries law.

Fisheries science is typically taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, master's or Ph.D. program. Some universities offer fully integrated programs in fisheries science.

Fisheries research[edit]

Fisheries research vessels (FRVs) require platforms which are capable of towing different types of fishing nets, collecting plankton or water samples from a range of depths, and carrying acoustic fish-finding equipment. Fisheries research vessels are often designed and built along the same lines as a large fishing vessel, but with space given over to laboratories and equipment storage, as opposed to storage of the catch.

Notable contributors[edit]

Members of this list meet one or more of the following criteria: 1) Author of widely cited peer reviewed articles on fisheries, 2) Author of major reference work in fisheries, 3) Founder of major fisheries journal, museum or other related organisation 4) Person most notable for other reasons who has also worked in fisheries science.

Contributor Nationality Born Died Contribution
Spencer F. Baird American 1823 1887 Founding scientist of the United States Fish Commission
Fedor I. Baranov Russian 1886 1965 Baranov has been called the grandfather of fisheries population dynamics. The Baranov catch equation of 1918 is perhaps the most used equation in fisheries modelling.[1]
Ludwig von Bertalanffy Austrian 1901 1972 Biologist and founder of general systems theory
Ray Beverton English fisheries biologist; known for the Beverton–Holt model (with Sidney Holt), credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
Villy Christensen Canadian Fisheries scientist and ecosystem modeler, known for his work on the development of Ecopath
John N. Cobb Founder of the first college of fisheries in the United States, the University of Washington College of Fisheries, in 1919
Steven J. Cooke Canadian Academic known for contributions to recreational fisheries science and inland fisheries
David Cushing English Fisheries biologist, who is credited with the development of the match/mismatch hypothesis
W. Harry Everhart American Fisheries scientist, educator, administrator and author of several widely used fisheries texts
Rainer Froese Known for his work on the development and coordination of FishBase
John Halver His pioneering work on the nutritional needs of fish led to modern methods of fish farming and fish feed production. He has been called the father of fish nutrition.[2][3]
Gotthilf Hempel German Marine biologist and oceanographer, and co-founder of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Walther Herwig Prussian Lawyer and promoter of high seas fishing and research
Ray Hilborn Canadian Fisheries biologist with strong contributions in fisheries management
Johan Hjort Norwegian Fisheries biologist, marine zoologist and oceanographer
Bruno Hofer German Fishery scientist credited with being the founder of fish pathology
Sidney Holt English Fisheries biologist known for the Beverton–Holt model (with Ray Beverton), credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
Uwe Kils German Marine biologist specializing in planktology. Inventor of the ecoSCOPE
Robert T. Lackey Canadian Fisheries scientist and political scientist known for his work involving the role of science in policy making
Leo Margolis Canadian Parasitologist and head of the Pacific Biological Station in Nanaimo, British Columbia
R. J. McKay Australian Biologist and a specialist in translocated freshwater fishes
Ransom A. Myers Canadian Marine biologist and conservationist
Daniel Pauly French Prominent fisheries scientist, known for his work studying human impacts on global fisheries
Tony J. Pitcher Known for work on the impacts of fishing, management appraisals and the shoaling behavior of fish
Michael A. Rice American Known for work on molluscan fisheries
Bill Ricker Canadian Fisheries biologist, known for the Ricker model, credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
Ed Ricketts American A colourful marine biologist and philosopher who introduced ecology to fisheries science.[4]
Callum Roberts British Marine conservation biologist, known for his work on the role marine reserves play in protecting marine ecosystems
Harald Rosenthal German Hydrobiologist known for his work in fish farming and ecology
Carl Safina Author of several writings on marine ecology and the ocean
Georg Ossian Sars Norwegian Marine biologist credited with the discovery of a number of new species and known for his analysis of cod fisheries
Tore Schweder Norwegian Statistician whose work includes the assessment of marine resources
Milner Baily Schaefer Notable for work on the population dynamics of fisheries
Ussif Rashid Sumaila Notable for his analysis of the economic aspects of fisheries
Fred Utter Notable as the founding father of the field of fishery genetics[5]
Carl Walters American Biologist known for his work involving fisheries stock assessments, the adaptive management concept, and ecosystem modeling

Professional societies[edit]

Journals[edit]

Fisheries scientists sorting a catch of small fish and Norway lobster

Some journals about fisheries are

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Quinn, Terrance J. II (2003). "Ruminations on the development and future of population dynamics models in fisheries". Natural Resource Modeling 16 (4): 341–392. doi:10.1111/j.1939-7445.2003.tb00119.x.  edit
  2. ^ American Fisheries Society, National Fish Culture Hall of Fame, Spearfish, S.D. 2000
  3. ^ http://fish.washington.edu/news/newsletter/sprsum_2013/memoriam.
  4. ^ Ed Ricketts’ death, 50 years ago last week, preceded that of Cannery Row by only a few months. – Eric Enno Tamm (2005) Monterey County Weekly.
  5. ^ http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/historymakers/side_hon_mentions.html

References[edit]

External links[edit]