Fishermans Bend, Victoria
|Area||1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)|
|Location||1 km (1 mi) north of Melbourne CBD|
|LGA(s)||Municipality of Port Phillip|
|State electorate(s)||Electoral district of Albert Park|
|Federal Division(s)||Division of Melbourne Ports|
Fishermans Bend (formerly Fishermen's Bend) is a locality within the City of Port Phillip and the City of Melbourne. It is located on the south of the Yarra River near the suburb of Port Melbourne and opposite Coode Island. Fishermans Bend originally included the area now known as Garden City, which was renamed in 1929.
From the 1850s, the lower reaches of the Yarra River known as 'Humbug Reach' and 'Fishermen's Bend' were occupied bay fishermen of European descent. Some thirty families lived on the 'Bend', frequently finding additional work in the docks and cargo ships and loading ballast for ships returning to Europe. Habitation was in rough shacks along the Bend, made from corrugated iron, flattened kerosene tins or wood. There were no roads, shops, or sewerage. Water was collected from hanging out sail canvases, and stored in iron tanks or casks milk came from a nearby farm. Fishing continues on the Bay, but today only two fishing licences belong to descendants of these early pioneer settlers. The last remaining shack on the Bend was demolished in 1970, to make way for Webb Dock. The new Surf Life Saving Club headquarters stand on the site.
The neighbourhood of Fishermans Bend also has a significant place in Australian aviation history, being the home of several prominent historical Australian aircraft design and manufacturing companies, including the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation, General Motors Holden, Smorgon Steel, Government Aircraft Factories, the Aeronautical Research Laboratory and regional facilities for Boeing. Fishermen's Bend Aerodrome remained in use until 1957.
Previous industries included the car manufacturers Australian Motor Industries and the Rootes Group, GKN Aerospace Engineering Services and a campus of RMIT University dedicated to aerospace engineering.
Fishermans Bend is a primarily industrial centre at the foot of the West Gate Bridge and contains major establishments for the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Holden Australia, Hawker de Havilland, the Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures, Kraft Foods, Toyota Australia, and port security. It also has a marina, known as d'Albora Marinas Pier 35, and the Webb Dock container terminal. Fishermans Bend has a single large reserve known as Westgate Park, a large artificial wetland.
The state government announced that 250 hectares of the 'Fishermans Bend Urban Renewal Area' would be declared a 'site of State significance and rezoned as part of an expanded Capital City Zone'. The draft vision plan aims to attract an additional 40,000 jobs and 80,000 residents in the area by 2050.
After the plans for re-development have been announced in 2012, property values soared in the area.
- 'Fishermans Bend,' eMelbourne encyclopedia, Department of History, The University of Melbourne, Published July 2008
- (Meiers 2006)
- FISHERMENS BEND - A CENTRE OF AUSTRALIAN AVIATION J. L. Keppert,COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 1993
- Fishermans Bend Urban Renewal Project Department of Planning and Community
- Cook, Henrietta: "Train stations, tree-lined boulevards mooted for Fishermans Bend", in The Age, 16 September 2013
- Fishermans Bend Urban Renewal Project on the Department of Planning website