Fishing (Annibale Carracci)
|Type||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||136 cm × 253 cm (54 in × 100 in)|
Fishing (or Fishing Scene) is a painting by Italian artist Annibale Carracci, painted before 1595 and given to Louis XIV by Prince Camillo Pamphili in 1665. It is currently held and exhibited at the Louvre in Paris.
The painting and its companion, Hunting, were included in Charles Le Brun's inventory in 1683, and in November 1695 they were in the apartments of King Louis XIV's younger brother. It was no doubt for this purpose that they were given two sumptuous gilt frames, each with attributes suited to the subject of the painting - among the finest examples of the art of frame-making in the time of Louis XIV. In 1955, when the varnish was being cleaned, the 19th century gilding covering the original gilding was removed - a task of some magnitude which was carried out by the French firm of Lebrun.
This work, together with its companion, date from Carracci's Bolognese period, before he left for Rome in 1595 to paint at the Galleria Farnese. At this time he was extremely interested in landscape, and his experiments are a foreshadowing of Poussin's classical compositions; but in these pictures he is exploring in a different direction, in the tradition of the Bassani, a family of painters whose studios continued to turn out landscapes which were prized all over Europe. His interest was the countryside. Without any religious theme as pretext, he painted two pure landscapes whose true subjects are the forest and the river, motivated by the themes of hunting and fishing. Therefore Carracci was able to show nature animated with the life of the aristocracy and of ordinary people. The composition follows the visual device of division into compartments.
Together with the Galleria Farnese, the two thematic paintings are Carracci's greatest masterpieces, and have always been much admired by artists. Manet found inspiration in the Fishing, and the Hunting has been copied by Matisse, Edvard Munch and Rouault.
- H. Loyrette, The Louvre: All the Paintings, Black Dog & Leventhal (2011), s.v. Carracci.
- H. Loyrette, ibid., Ch.I, Italian School.
- D. Benati & E. Riccomini, Annibale Carracci, Mondadori Electa (2006), s.v. "Fishing Scene".
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Carracci
- H. Loyrette, The Louvre: All the Paintings, Black Dog & Leventhal (2011)
- Wittkower, Rudolph (1993). "Art and Architecture Italy, 1600-1750". Pelican History of Art. 1980. Penguin Books Ltd. pp. 57–71.
- Gianfranco, Malafarina (1976). "preface by Patrick J. Cooney". L' opera completa di Annibale Carracci,. Rizzoli Editore, Milano.
- C. Dempsey: Annibale Carracci and the beginnings of baroque style, Harvard 1977, 2nd ed. Fiesole 2000.
- A. W. A. Boschloo: Annibale Carracci in Bologna: visible reality in art after the Council of Trent, 's-Gravenhage 1974.
- C. Goldstein: Visual fact over verbal fiction: a study of the Carracci and the criticism, theory, and practice of art in Renaissance and baroque Italy, Cambridge 1988.
- D. Posner: Annibale Carracci: a study in the reform of Italian painting around 1590, 2 vol., New York 1971.
- S. Ginzburg: Annibale Carracci a Roma: gli affreschi di Palazzo Farnese, Roma 2000.
- C. Loisel: Inventaire général des dessins italiens, vol. 7: Ludovico, Agostino, Annibale Carracci, (Musée du Louvre: Cabinet des Dessins) Paris 2004.
- Annibale Carracci, catalogo della mostra a cura di D. Benati, E. Riccomini, Bologna-Roma 2006-2007.
- C. Robertson: The Invention of Annibale Carracci (Studi della Bibliotheca Hertziana, 4), Milano 2008.
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