Fishing industry in Brunei
The fishing industry in Brunei is one of the largest contributors of the country’s revenue. Fishing is a major source of protein in the diets of the Brunei people. The coastal location on the island of Borneo makes it an ideal location for commercial and subsistence fishing.
Most of the fishing grounds in Brunei are in proximity to the mangrove swamps of Brunei estuaries where there are abundant nutrients for fish to reproduce. Some rare marine species have been captured locally, like the recent blackish green toman caught by local fish enthusiasts by using modern fishing technology.
Large scale commercial fishing usually involves exporting fresh fish caught to neighbouring countries like China and Taiwan like the recent breeding of the highly-demanded fish species like the mouse grouper and coral trout in which the market price is B$160 per kilogramme if sold to China and Taiwan. Small scale commercial fishing usually involves the selling of fish caught in the wet market.
Methods of fishing
Drift net fishing
The net (rantau) hangs from buoys (patau) which float on the surface of the water. This method of fishing is used to catch fish like tamban (sardines) which swim in shoals near the surface. Drift net fishing usually takes place at night and in the early morning, and is an offshore fishing method.
A bubu is a large box- or conical-shaped trap used to catch large fish like red snapper[disambiguation needed] and grouper. The traps are set up in the area of coral reefs, and weighted down with heavy stones so that the trap can sink to the sea bed.
Lintau and Kelong
Lintaus and kelongs are fish corrals designed to direct fish into a fenced-in area in the sea. A lintau is used along mudflats near mangroves, while the kelong is set up in the deeper waters of the estuaries.
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- Ikan Merah (Red Snapper)
- Belanak (mullet)
- Keli (Catfish)
- Temanong (yellowtail scad)
- Tengiri Gelama
- Ayam Laut (triggerfish)
- Kitang (scat)
- Rumahan Laki
- Rumahan Bini (shortbodied mackerel)
- Bilis (ponyfish)
- Yu (Shark)
- Pari (Stingray)
- Sumpit-sumpit (Archerfish)
- Udang Bekara Lobster
- Udang Prawn
- Ketam Crab
- CIA Factbook: Brunei Updated December 7, 2010.
- Silvestre, Geronimo (1992). The coastal resources of Brunei Darussalam : status, utilization, and managemen. Manila, Philippines: International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations/United States Coastal Resources Management Project. ISBN 978-971-8709-11-5.
- Lucky Angler lands rare green toman. BruDirect
- Fitri Shahminan (August 9, 2010). Local fish-cage operator eyes export to China. The Brunei Times
- Chua, Thia-Eng. (1987). The Coastal Environmental Profile of Brunei Darussalam [microform] : Resource Assessment and Management Issue. [Bandar Seri Begawan]: Fisheries Dept., Ministry of Development, Brunei Darussalam ; Manila, Philippines: International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations/United States Coastal Resources Management Project. ISBN 978-971-10-2238-9.