Fishkill (town), New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Bob LaColla (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||32.0 sq mi (82.8 km2)|
|• Land||27.4 sq mi (71.0 km2)|
|• Water||4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2)|
|Elevation||262 ft (80 m)|
|• Density||738.9/sq mi (285.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||12524, 12527|
|GNIS feature ID||0978958|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)|
Fishkill is a town in the southwest part of Dutchess County, New York, USA. It lies approximately 60 miles north of New York City. The population was 20,258 at the 2000 census. Fishkill partly surrounds the city of Beacon.
The location of Fishkill was known as Tioranda by the Native American peoples. The name means "The place where two waters meet".
In 1683 New York City merchants Francis Rombout and Gulian Verplanck purchased 85,000 acres (340 km2) in Dutchess County from the Wappinger Indians for a quantity of goods including rum, powder, and tobacco. Neither ever lived on the land, intending to use it only for fur trading. The first white settlers were Rombout's daughter, Catharyna and her husband, Roger Brett, who built a mill at the mouth of the Fishkill Creek as it flows into the Hudson River.
Fishkill played an important role in the American Revolutionary War when a huge military encampment was established one mile (1.6 km) below the village to guard the mountain pass to the south. Signal fires lay in readiness on tops of the surrounding mountains. The Fishkill encampment became the main supply depot for the northern division of the Continental Army. The first copies of the New York State Constitution were printed at Fishkill in 1777.
In the 19th century mills and factories sprang up in Glenham and Matteawan brought an influx of skilled weavers from the British Isles. The healthy economy came to an end in the post-Civil War depression and the once thriving factories fell into decay. In 1931, Texaco purchased the old woolen mill site and established a research center there. Today, the town's industry is mostly technology based.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.0 square miles (82.8 km²), of which, 27.4 square miles (71.0 km²) of it is land and 4.6 square miles (11.8 km²) of it (14.26%) is water. The elevation of the town varies from sea level (Fishkill Waterfront, Fishkill Landing, Dutchess Junction) to 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level (Mission Peak, Mount Beacon).
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,258 people, 6,856 households, and 4,264 families residing in the town. The population density was 738.9 people per square mile (285.3/km²). There were 7,040 housing units at an average density of 99.1 persons/km² (256.8 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 77.19% White, 14.13% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.49% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 10.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 6,856 households out of which 27.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 8.1% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 135.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $52,745, and the median income for a family was $63,574. Males had a median income of $42,106 versus $32,198 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,662. 5.4% of the population and 3.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 6.2% are under the age of 18 and 7.5% are 65 or older.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2010)|
Fishkill is home to the Hudson Valley Renegades, who are a minor league baseball team affiliated with the Tampa Bay Rays. The team is a member of the New York–Penn League, and play at Dutchess Stadium.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fishkill, New York.|
- Town of Fishkill
- Village of Fishkill
- Fishkill area information
- Blodgett Memorial Library (Fishkill)
- Fishkill Creek Watershed Committee
- Rombout Fire Company
- Fishkill Reformed Church
- Fishkill Historical Society