Fishkill (town), New York

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Fishkill
Town
Downtown Fishkill, NY
Downtown Fishkill, NY
Official seal of Fishkill
Seal
Fishkill is located in New York
Fishkill
Fishkill
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 41°31′40″N 73°54′54″W / 41.52778°N 73.91500°W / 41.52778; -73.91500Coordinates: 41°31′40″N 73°54′54″W / 41.52778°N 73.91500°W / 41.52778; -73.91500
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Bob LaColla (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 32.0 sq mi (82.8 km2)
 • Land 27.4 sq mi (71.0 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2)
Elevation 262 ft (80 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 20,258
 • Density 738.9/sq mi (285.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12524, 12527
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-25978
GNIS feature ID 0978958

Fishkill is a town in the southwest part of Dutchess County, New York, USA. It lies approximately 60 miles north of New York City. The population was 20,258 at the 2000 census.[1] Fishkill partly surrounds the city of Beacon.

The town of Fishkill contains a village, which is also named Fishkill. The name derives from the Dutch vis kill, meaning "fish creek."[2]

The location of Fishkill was known as Tioranda by the Native American peoples. The name means "The place where two waters meet".[3]

History[edit]

In 1683 New York City merchants Francis Rombout and Gulian Verplanck purchased 85,000 acres (340 km2) in Dutchess County from the Wappinger Indians for a quantity of goods including rum, powder, and tobacco. Neither ever lived on the land, intending to use it only for fur trading. The first white settlers were Rombout's daughter, Catharyna and her husband, Roger Brett, who built a mill at the mouth of the Fishkill Creek as it flows into the Hudson River.[4]

Fishkill played an important role in the American Revolutionary War when a huge military encampment was established one mile (1.6 km) below the village to guard the mountain pass to the south. Signal fires lay in readiness on tops of the surrounding mountains. The Fishkill encampment became the main supply depot for the northern division of the Continental Army. The first copies of the New York State Constitution were printed at Fishkill in 1777.[4]

In the 19th century mills and factories sprang up in Glenham and Matteawan brought an influx of skilled weavers from the British Isles. The healthy economy came to an end in the post-Civil War depression and the once thriving factories fell into decay. In 1931, Texaco purchased the old woolen mill site and established a research center there. Today, the town's industry is mostly technology based.[4]

In 1996, the animal rights group PETA suggested the town change its name to something less suggestive of violence toward fish. The town declined.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.0 square miles (82.8 km²), of which, 27.4 square miles (71.0 km²) of it is land and 4.6 square miles (11.8 km²) of it (14.26%) is water. The elevation of the town varies from sea level (Fishkill Waterfront, Fishkill Landing, Dutchess Junction) to 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level (Mission Peak, Mount Beacon).

The southern town line is the county line between Dutchess and Putnam Counties. The western town line is defined by the Hudson River and the City of Beacon. To the north is the town of Wappinger.

Fishkill Creek gives the town its name and empties into the Hudson River. Interstate 84 passes through the town, and US 9 passes through both the town and Village of Fishkill.

Dutchess Stadium, home of the Class A Minor League Baseball Team, the Hudson Valley Renegades is in the Town.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[1] there were 20,258 people, 6,856 households, and 4,264 families residing in the town. The population density was 738.9 people per square mile (285.3/km²). There were 7,040 housing units at an average density of 99.1 persons/km² (256.8 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 77.19% White, 14.13% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.49% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 10.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 6,856 households out of which 27.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 8.1% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the town the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 135.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,745, and the median income for a family was $63,574. Males had a median income of $42,106 versus $32,198 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,662. 5.4% of the population and 3.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 6.2% are under the age of 18 and 7.5% are 65 or older.

Sports[edit]

Fishkill is home to the Hudson Valley Renegades, who are a minor league baseball team affiliated with the Tampa Bay Rays. The team is a member of the New York–Penn League, and play at Dutchess Stadium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Hooper Shelton. "Fisher County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  3. ^ The American Indian (Uh-nish-in-na-ba), By Elijah Middlebrook Haines, page 788
  4. ^ a b c Skinner, Willa. "Town History", Town of Fishkill
  5. ^ "A fishy name will stay the same". CNN. 1996-09-06. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]