|Intercommunality||Communauté de communes des Deux Vallées du Canton de Fismes|
(French municipal elections, 2008-2014)
|Elevation||57–179 m (187–587 ft)|
|Land area1||16.75 km2 (6.47 sq mi)|
|- Density||319 /km2 (830 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||51250/ 51170|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Two rivers pass through the city of Fismes : the Ardre and the Vesle.
Many agricultural zones of the region may soon become a section of the zone for production of Champagne.
Fismes, on the right bank of the Vesle, developed from a Gallic ancient city named, during the gallo-romaine era, “Ad Fines Suessioium” (limit of the Suession peoples’ territory) or “Ad Fines Remorum” (limit of the Rèmes peoples’ territory) as the city was situated on the boundary of the two Gallic tribes Suessions and Rèmes.
Middle Ages 
The barbaric period did not spare Fismes. During the first half of the Middle Ages, the Normands and the Hungarians, destroyed the city of Fismes multiple times. These ravages pushed the agglomoration of the city towards the heights of the Vesle’s right bank.
In 1226, Thibault IV, the songwriter, helped Fismes become a free city, thanks to hard work of natives that participated in the war led by Thibault. By a charter and a seal that bears the emblem of our commune, Fismes under the aegis of a mayor and two deputies, escaped the domination of its Lord. Thus, the village was able to develop its artisanship, businesses, festivals and markets.
The walls of the city continued to expand; a church of stone, a château which occupied the current plaza of the post office and would one day house as governor, the poet Eustache Deschamps, as well as the City Hall, that continues to occupy the same place, were all constructed in this formative epoch. The Hundred Year War, in which participated the English, the Germans, the Italians, the Dutch and many more, brought, once again, the city of Fismes to ruins. Later, the religious wars and the Fronde would completely destroy the walls of the city and the chateau of Fismes.
Modern Era 
In 1646, Louis II de Bourbon acquired the manorial rights to Fismes and bestowed them on César de Costentin de Tourville for his good services to the King. In 1647, the land was passed on to the eldest son of Cesar, François-Cesar.
During the Fronde, the ramparts of the city and the chateau were completely destroyed.
After the revolution, a time of much inner conflict among the people of Fismes, Napoleon came to Fismes in order to sign two important declarations. Following Napoleon and the French Revolution, 30,000 Prussians arrived in Fismes and, once again, plundered the village.
In the 19th Century, France experienced the rapidly expanding industrial revolution. Sweets, the porcelain of Fismes (which was rare and expensive), the foundry, the railroad, hat making, tanneries and mills mark the advancements of the region and the economic history of this century. The 20th Century began in worse conditions than the preceding finished. Fismes was greatly affected by the First World War. The Germans invaded the city, then retired on the “Chemin des Dames” before they completely demolished the city in 1918.
Fismes attempted to reconstruct itself slowly. Unfortunately, due to its position as a railroad town through which passed the trains filled with deportees being sent to Germany, the city suffered during the course of the Second World War. 14 residents of Fismes, who were seized for acts of resistance, died in concentration camps. Among them was the mayor of Fismes, the Doctor Genillon.
Sights and monuments 
- City Hall;
- Church of Fismes, dedicated to Saint Macre ;
- The city's ramparts;
- The pillar of the door Saint Gilles;
- The royal markers on the route to Soissons, the route to coronation;
- The house called "Heurtevin" where the kings of France often spent their last night as prince;
- The American Memorial Bridge;
- The Bread Museum.
Individuals associated with the city 
- Athanase Coquerel (1820-1875), theologist
- Félix Billet
- Camille Auguste Mercier (1848-1881), scholar
- Sophie Manéglier (1803-1892), literary
- Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist and co-creator of 'Astérix, born in Fismes.
- César de Costentin de Tourville (died in 1647), Count of Fismes, military officer, father of Marshall Anne-Hilarion de Tourville, vice-admiral of France.
Notes and references 
- Les noms de lieux, PUF, coll. Que sais-je ?, Paris, 1969
- http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population par commune avant 1962 (résultats publiés au journal officiel ou conservés aux archives départementales)
- INSEE : Population depuis le recensement de 1962
See also 
- Gare de Fismes
- Chemins de fer de la Banlieue de Reims
- Communes de la Marne
- Communes of the Marne department
- Anciennes communes de la Marne
- Official website
- Office of Tourism and Museums of Fismes
- Abbaye d'Igny
- Template:Site de l'IGN-France