Fitz Henry Warren

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Fitz Henry Warren
General Fitz Henry Warren - History of Iowa.jpg
Born (1816-01-11)January 11, 1816
Brimfield, Massachusetts
Died June, 1878 (aged 61–62)
Brimfield, Massachusetts
Place of burial Brimfield Cemetery Brimfield, Massachusetts
Allegiance United States United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Union Army
Rank Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg Brevet Major General
Unit Iowa 1st Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Fitz Henry Warren (January 11, 1816 – June 1878) was a politician and a general during the American Civil War.

Early life and career[edit]

Warren was born in Brimfield, Massachusetts. In August 1844, he moved to Burlington in the Iowa Territory. He was an early political activist in the Whig Party. He was reported to have been the first to propose the nomination of General Zachary Taylor for President. He was a delegate to the National Whig Convention in 1848.

Upon the subsequent inauguration of President Taylor, Fitz Henry Warren was appointed First Assistant Postmaster General. After the death of Taylor, Warren resigned his position in protest of President Millard Fillmore's support of the Fugitive Slave Law. With the growing support of Anti-Slavery Whigs, Fitz Henry Warren was made secretary of the Whig Party National Executive Committee.

Warren was chairman of the Des Moines County delegation to the convention of 1856 that organized the Republican Party and nominated John C. Frémont as the first Republican presidential candidate.

Civil War[edit]

In 1861 he was one of the chief editorial writers on the New York Tribune and the author of the controversial "On to Richmond" articles after the First Battle of Bull Run. He also was a frequent contributor to the editorial columns of the early Burlington, Iowa, Hawkeye.

He returned to Iowa following First Bull Run and, as Colonel, helped to raise the 1st Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry. In 1862 he was promoted to brigadier general with a command in the army in Missouri under General Samuel R. Curtis.

In 1863 General Warren was the leading candidate before the Republican State Convention for Governor of Iowa, but by a combination of the supporters of other candidates, Warren was defeated. Before the close of the war, he was brevetted major general.

Postbellum career[edit]

In 1866 Warren was elected to the Iowa State Senate. After serving one session, he was appointed by President Andrew Johnson as the United States Minister to Guatemala where he served two years. He served as a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1872.

He died at his native Brimfield, Massachusetts, in June 1878 and is buried in Brimfield Cemetery Brimfield, Massachusetts.

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Elisha Oscar Crosby
United States Minister to Guatemala
June 27, 1866–August 11, 1869
Succeeded by
Silas A. Hudson