Fitzroy River (Victoria)

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For other uses, see Fitzroy.
Coordinates: 38°15′49″S 141°51′18″E / 38.26361°S 141.85500°E / -38.26361; 141.85500
Fitzroy
River[1]
Name origin: FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan.[2]
Country Australia
State Victoria
Regions Victorian Midlands, Naracoorte Coastal Plain (IBRA), Western District
Local government area Glenelg Shire
Part of Glenelg Hopkins catchment
Tributaries
 - left Sunday Creek (Victoria), Darlot Creek
Town Heywood, Tyrendarra
Landmark Great Ocean Road
Source Mount Vandyke
 - location Cobboboonee National Park
 - elevation 140 m (459 ft)
 - coordinates 38°2′55″S 141°21′53″E / 38.04861°S 141.36472°E / -38.04861; 141.36472
Mouth Portland Bay, Great Australian Bight
 - location southeast of Tyrendarra
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 38°15′49″S 141°51′18″E / 38.26361°S 141.85500°E / -38.26361; 141.85500
Length 58 km (36 mi)
National park Cobboboonee National Park
Location of the Fitzroy River mouth
in Victoria
[3]

The Fitzroy River, a perennial river of the Glenelg Hopkins catchment, is located in the Western District of Victoria, Australia.

Course and features[edit]

The Fitzroy River rises below Mount Vandyke in the Cobboboonee National Park, near the western edge of the Lower Glenelg National Park. The river flows east by south, through Heywood, then between the western edge of the Tyrendarra lava flow and the Mount Clay escarpment, and thence across a coastal plain.[4] The river is joined by two minor tributaries before reaching its mouth and emptying into Portland Bay in the Great Australian Bight southeast of Tyrendarra. The river descends 138 metres (453 ft) over its 58-kilometre (36 mi) course.[3]

One of its tributaries, the Darlot Creek, approximately 51 kilometres (32 mi) in length, flows from near Branxholme in a southerly direction through Lake Condah then along the eastern side of the Tyrendarra lava flow before joining the river close to its mouth.[5]

The river is traversed by the Henty Highway at Heywood and the Princes Highway at Tyrendarra.

Etymology[edit]

The river was named Clark's River in December 1834 by Edward Henty after the first person in his party to sight it near Tyrendarra. In August 1836 Major Mitchell, who, at the time, was unaware of the presence of the Hentys at Portland Bay named it after FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan when he crossed it near the site of Heywood.[2][6] Darlots (later Darlot) Creek was named after Henry Darlot who rested cattle beside the creek in 1840 and 1841 prior to the establishment of pastoral leases in the area.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fitzroy River: 2797". Vicnames. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Mitchell, Thomas (1838). Three Expeditions into the interior of Eastern Australia 2. London: Boone. 
  3. ^ a b "Map of Fitzroy River, VIC". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Sub-Catchment P3". Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority. Retrieved 11 May 2009. 
  5. ^ "Sub-Catchment P4". Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority. Retrieved 11 May 2009. 
  6. ^ Bird, Eric (12 October 2006). "Place Names on the Coast of Victoria" (PDF). Australian National Placename Survey (ANPS). Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Learmonth, Noel F. (1970). Four Towns and a Survey. Melbourne: Hawthorn Press.