Fiumarella rail disaster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fiumarella rail disaster
The Fiumarella viaduct
The Fiumarella viaduct
Details
Date 23 December 1961
Location Fiumarella viaduct
Country Italy
Rail line Cosenza–Catanzaro
Operator Società per le Strade Ferrate del Mediterraneo
Type of incident Derailment and fall to the valley floor
Cause Derailment and rupture of the coupling
Statistics
Trains 1
Deaths 71
Injuries 28

The Fiumarella rail disaster was one of the most serious incidents in the history of the Italian railways. It occurred at about 7.45 am on 23 December 1961, at the Fiumarella viaduct, near Catanzaro, in the region of Calabria, southern Italy.

History[edit]

The train involved in the disaster was composed of Breda M2.123 class[1] diesel railcar and Breda trailer RA 1006.

The accident occurred as the train was passing over the curved Fiumarella viaduct, about an hour after departing from Soveria Mannelli for Catanzaro at 6:43 am. The trailer derailed from the track, due to the rupture of the tram type draw hook, and plunged into the river below after a falling about 40 m (131 ft). Inside the trailer there were 99 passengers, many of them students. Seventy-one of them lost their lives on impact, and 28 others were injured to varying degrees.[2]

Consequences[edit]

The incident sparked a heated parliamentary debate, which led the Italian Government (by Law 1855 of 23 December 1963) to revoke the grant to the Mediterranea Calabro Lucane of the right to operate the line, and appoint a Managing Government Commissioner[3] of Ferrovie Calabro Lucane.[4] Rail traffic on the line remained disrupted for some years, and between Catanzaro and Soveria Mannelli it was temporarily replaced by road vehicles.

At Decollatura, place of origin of a substantial number of the victims, a monument was erected in memory of the fallen.

References[edit]

This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version.

Coordinates: 38°55′48″N 16°34′25″E / 38.93000°N 16.57361°E / 38.93000; 16.57361