Five Channels Dam

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Five Channels Dam
FiveChannelsDam.jpg
The Five Channels Dam viewed from M-65
Five Channels Dam is located in Michigan
Five Channels Dam
Location within the state of Michigan
Location Oscoda Township, Iosco County, Michigan
Coordinates 44°27′19″N 83°40′36″W / 44.45526°N 83.6766°W / 44.45526; -83.6766Coordinates: 44°27′19″N 83°40′36″W / 44.45526°N 83.6766°W / 44.45526; -83.6766
Opening date 1912
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment dam
Power station
Installed capacity 6 MW
Five Channels Dam Archeological District
Nearest city Oscoda, Michigan
Area 45.1 acres (18.3 ha)
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 01001016[1]
Added to NRHP March 13, 2002

Five Channels Dam is a hydro-electric dam on the Au Sable River in Michigan.

Background[edit]

Consumers Power Company (now Consumers Energy) began construction on this hydro-electric dam in 1911 and completed it in 1912.[2] The dam, the second of six built by the company on the Au Sable River,[2] is named for the nearby location where there were once five distinct river channels.[3] The current plant is capable of producing 6,000 kilowatts.[3]

Five Channels Dam worker's camp[edit]

During construction of the dam, the company tried to provide a healthy environment for workers[2] by incorporating lessons learned on worker safety and health during construction of Panama Canal.[3] They built a 45 acre camp for workers and their families, complete with a central water supply and sewage system, icehouse, school, washroom, store and boardinghouse.[2] The workers also received land on which to build a house; the resulting structures ranged clapboard houses to log cabins to tarpaper shacks to tents.[2] At the completion of dam construction, the worker's camp buildings were moved to the next construction site (the Loud Dam) or razed.[2] The site of the workers' camp built to support construction of the dam was listed as an archaeological site (designated 20ES112, 20IS113, 20IS114, 20IS115, and 20IS116) on the National Register of Historic Places on March 13, 2002.[3]

Five Channels Dam c. 1920

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Five Channels Dam Workers Camp". MichMarkers.com. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Au Sable River "Au Sable River". Consumers Energy. Retrieved October 10, 2013.