||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (August 2011)|
FIX is a brand of Greek lager beer. The Fix brewery was founded in 1864 by Johann Karl Fuchs (in Greek: Κάρολος Ιωάννου Φιξ, Karolos Ioannou Fix) in Athens, Greece. This became the first major brewery in Greece. His father had started brewing the beer in Athens 30 years earlier in 1834. His father had come to Greece from Bavaria with King Otto, as his official brewer. Fix made many deliviries to Mediterranean countries where beer is now very popular.
FIX (or FIX HELLAS, its most common trademark) became synonymous with beer in Greece, enjoying a virtual monopoly in the country for about 100 years until the mid-1960s, operating a number of factories that also produced soft drinks. International competition affected company sales. It lost first place in the Greek market in 1973 and continued to decline until 1983, when it went out of business.
A FIX legacy is its historic industrial buildings throughout the country. These include one of the most iconic modern structures of Athens, on Syngrou Avenue, designed by architect Takis Zenetos in 1957 (partially demolished in 1994); another historic structure, an early 20th-century FIX factory on Patission Avenue was demolished in 2002 after a battle for its preservation was lost in favor of creating a park.
In 1995, the FIX trademarks were bought by D. Kourtakis wineries from the National Bank of Greece, which had received the FIX trademarks in the liquidation of the company. Kourtakis organized the Olympic Brewery (Ολυμπιακή Ζυθοποιία) to produce FIX Hellas beer, with a label design strongly reminiscent of the original FIX label.
The new FIX beer was not financially successful and, in 2009, the Olympic Brewery company was sold to Hitos AVEE and, in 2010, FIX beer was again available. The relaunched beer has a new label, with references to the gold medals and prizes won by the original FIX beer. An aggressive advertising campaign, with references to the strong historic legacy of FIX beer in the Greek society, has dramatically boosted sales, effectively leading to a strong comeback of the brand.
Ownership and usage of the historic trademark has been a source of conflict; there are Fix Beers brewed in the United States and in Canada which claim to use the Fix recipes.
- Historic Fix building on Syngrou Ave. (study for transformation into modern art museum)
- Demolition of old FIX factory on Patission Ave.
- Lawsuit upon lawsuit among the heirs of the once mighty trademark (Greek newspaper article)
- Fix Hellas
- The brand names of the historic Greek beer changed hands (Greek article)
- (A set of news postings about the production of beer by Hitos AVEE, in Greek)
- Fix Beer USA, Muskoka Fix Beer