Fjell

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This article is about the municipality in Norway. For the village in that municipality, see Fjell (village).
Fjell kommune
Municipality
View of the village of Misje
View of the village of Misje
Coat of arms of Fjell kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Fjell kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Fjell within Hordaland
Fjell within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°20′50″N 05°02′49″E / 60.34722°N 5.04694°E / 60.34722; 5.04694Coordinates: 60°20′50″N 05°02′49″E / 60.34722°N 5.04694°E / 60.34722; 5.04694
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Straume
Government
 • Mayor (2010) Eli Årdal Berland (H)
Area
 • Total 148.11 km2 (57.19 sq mi)
 • Land 141.13 km2 (54.49 sq mi)
 • Water 6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi)
Area rank 357 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 23,852
 • Rank 44 in Norway
 • Density 169/km2 (440/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 21.6 %
Demonym Fjellsoknar
Fjellsokning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1246
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.fjell.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Fjell is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Midhordland. The municipality consists of several islands west of the city of Bergen, the major ones being Litlesotra, the northern part of Store Sotra, Bildøy, Bjorøy, Misje, and Turøy. The administrative centre of Fjell is the village of Straume. Some of the villages in Fjell include Ågotnes, Fjell, Foldnes, Knappskog, Knarrevik, Kolltveit, Landro, and Sekkingstad.

Due to the opening the Sotra Bridge to the mainland in 1971 and its proximity to the city of Bergen, the population has grown from less than 7,000 to over 23,000, and as of 2008 it has one of the highest population growth rates in Norway. The result is major traffic jams over the bridge every day. A highway that leads to Bergen has reduced the traveling time to only fifteen minutes from the community centre at Straume on Litlesotra to the center of Bergen.

General information[edit]

Aerial view of the island of Litlesotra
View of the rugged mountainous landscape of Fjell

The parish of Fjæld was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1964, the islands of Misje and Turøyna (population: 404) were transferred from the municipality of Herdla to the municipality of Fjell. The municipal boundaries have not changes since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Fjell farm (Old Norse: Fjall), where the first Fjell Church was built. The name is identical with the modern Norwegian word fjell which means "mountain". The oldest form of the name was Undir Fjalli which means "under/below the mountain". Before 1918, the name was written Fjæld or Fjeld.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms were granted on 27 April 1957. The arms are black and gray with a blue background. They show the geography in the municipality, specifically the sea (shown with gray wavy lines) and the steep mountains (shown with three black triangular shapes). The gray seagull shown above the mountains is a typical bird in the area.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Fjell. It is part of the Vesthordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Fjell
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Fjell Fjell Church Fjell 1874
Foldnes Church Foldnes 2001
Landro Church Landro 1977

Geography[edit]

Fjell is an island municipality located entirely on islands off the coast of the mainland Bergen Peninsula. It covers many islands in a large archipelago that stretches from Sund in the south to Fedje in the north. The largest island in Fjell is Sotra, although only the northern half of the island is part of Fjell. The second-largest island is Litlesotra, where the largest village area in Fjell is located (the village of Straume). The small island of Bildøyna lies between those two islands. The small island of Geitung lies north of Bildøyna and the small island of Bjorøy lies to the south. Bjorøy is not connected to Fjell by road, but there is the undersea Bjorøy Tunnel that connects it to the city of Bergen. On the western side of Sotra, the smaller islands of Algrøyna, Lokøyna, and Syltøyna are located. On the north end of Sotra lies the small islands of Misje and Turøyna.[5]

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 5,172 —    
1960 5,453 +5.4%
1970 6,798 +24.7%
1980 10,177 +49.7%
1990 14,735 +44.8%
2000 18,178 +23.4%
2010 21,909 +20.5%
2014 23,852 +8.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Fjell is the location of Fjell Fortress, a World War II German mountaintop fortification designed to command all water approaches to the port of Bergen.[5]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Fjell, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Fjell is made up of 45 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Fjell Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 10
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 8
  Conservative Party Høgre 13
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 1
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 6
Total number of members: 45

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 268. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-12-09. 
  5. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Fjell – kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-12-09. 
  6. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]