Fläsch

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Fläsch
Fläsch Dorf.JPG
Coat of arms of Fläsch
Coat of arms
Fläsch is located in Switzerland
Fläsch
Fläsch
Coordinates: 47°1′N 9°30′E / 47.017°N 9.500°E / 47.017; 9.500Coordinates: 47°1′N 9°30′E / 47.017°N 9.500°E / 47.017; 9.500
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
Government
 • Mayor Heinz Urs Kunz
Area[1]
 • Total 19.94 km2 (7.70 sq mi)
Elevation 528 m (1,732 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 671
 • Density 34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Postal code 7306
SFOS number 3951
Surrounded by Bad Ragaz (SG), Balzers (LI), Maienfeld, Mels (SG), Sargans (SG), Triesen (LI), Vilters-Wangs (SG)
Website www.flaesch.ch
SFSO statistics

Fläsch is a municipality in the district of Landquart in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Fläsch is first mentioned in 831 as Villa Flasce.[3]

Geography[edit]

Fläsch has an area, as of 2006, of 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi). Of this area, 35.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 43.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (18.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Maienfeld sub-district of the Landquart district. It is the most northerly municipality in the canton of Graubünden. Fläsch is located at the foot of the Fläscherberg and St. Luzisteig mountains.

Demographics[edit]

Village church of Fläsch

Fläsch has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 671.[2] As of 2008, 4.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 9.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Fläsch is; 79 children or 14.8% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 37 teenagers or 6.9% are 10 to 14, and 29 teenagers or 5.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 44 people or 8.2% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 121 people or 22.6% are 30 to 39, 83 people or 15.5% are 40 to 49, and 63 people or 11.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 43 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 21 people or 3.9% are 70 to 79, there are 11 people or 2.1% who are 80 to 89, and there are 4 people or 0.7% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (26.2%), the SP (24.7%) and the CVP (9.3%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Fläsch about 83.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Fläsch has an unemployment rate of 0.28%. As of 2005, there were 87 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 5 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 43 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 13 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 441
1900 383
1950 393
1970 317
2000 535

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.0%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 1.3%) and Romansh being third ( 0.7%).[4] While the village was Romansh speaking in the Early Middle Ages, by the 14th Century Alamannii immigrants had Germanized the valley.

Languages in Fläsch
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 339 97.41% 400 96.39% 519 97.01%
Romansh 5 1.44% 2 0.48% 4 0.75%
Population 348 100% 415 100% 535 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Ruins of Letzi Grafenberg, from the north

The Festung Luziensteig, the Kleine Schanze fortifications and watch tower Letzi Grafenberg are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Fläsch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 16-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 16-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]