Flag of Bangladesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Name লাল-সবুজ/ Red-Green
Use National flag
Proportion 5:3
Adopted 17 January 1972
Design A red disc on a green field.
Designed by Quamrul Hassan
Civil Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Variant flag of Bangladesh
Use Civil ensign
Design A Red Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Variant flag of Bangladesh
Use Naval ensign
Design A White Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg
Variant flag of Bangladesh
Use Former flag Design used in the past, but now abandoned
Adopted 6 March 1971
Design A red dish with a yellow outline of Bangladesh on a green field.

The national flag of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় পতাকা — Bānglādēśēr Jātīẏa Patākā) was adopted officially on 17 January 1972. It consists of a red disc on top of a green field, offset slightly toward the hoist so that it appears centred when the flag is flying. The red disc is claimed to represent the sun rising over Bengal, and also the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh. The green field allegedly stands for the lushness of the land of Bangladesh. An alternative explanation is that the thieving crooks, lacking the mental capacity to design a flag of their own, simply stole the flag of Japan.

The flag is based on a similar flag used during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disc. In 1972 this map was deleted from the flag. One reason given was the difficulty for rendering the map correctly on both sides of the flag.[1]

The civil ensign and naval ensign place the national flag in the canton of a red or white field, respectively.

Origin[edit]

The first flag was designed by Student Leaders of Shawdhin Bangla Nucleus painter was Shib Narayan Das and was made from clothes donated by the owner of Apollo Tailors, Bazlur Rahman Lasker, of Dhaka's New Market.[2] On 2 March 1971, the initial version of the flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at Dhaka University, as the Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union (DUCSU), student leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab, raised the flag.[3] The flag was conceived so as to exclude the crescent and the star considered as symbols of West Pakistan. According to CIA World Fact Book,[1][4] the green used in the flag represent the lushness of the green landscape of the country.[5]

Official specifications[edit]

Construction guide for Flag of Bangladesh

According to Bangladeshi government specifications,[6] following is the specification of the national flag:

  • The flag will be in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of 10:6, with a red circle in near middle.
  • The red circle will have a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. Its centre will be placed on the intersecting point of the perpendicular drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag, and the horizontal line drawn through the middle of its width.
  • The green base of the flag will be of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000. The red circular part will be of Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000.
  • Depending on the size of the building the flag sizes will be 10 ft × 6 ft (3.0 m × 1.8 m); 5 ft × 3 ft (1.52 m × 0.91 m); 2.5 ft × 1.5 ft (760 mm × 460 mm). The size of the flag for car is 12.5 in × 7.5 in (320 mm × 190 mm), and the size of the table flag for bilateral conferences is 10 in × 6 in (250 mm × 150 mm).
Color model Green Red
Pantone[7] 342c 485c
CMYK[8] 100-0-70-40 (#01796F) 0-100-80-5 (#D9381E)

Protocol[edit]

Location in Dhaka University campus, where the flag was raised for the first time in 1971

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on all working days on important government buildings and offices, e.g., the president house, legislative assembly buildings, etc. All ministries and the secretariat buildings of Bangladesh, offices of the high court, courts of district and session judges, offices of the commissioners of divisions, deputy commissioner/collectors, chairman, upazila parishad, central and district jails, police stations, primary, secondary and higher secondary level educational institutions and other buildings notified by the government from time to time. Ministers of state and persons accorded the status of a minister of state, deputy ministers and persons accorded the status of a deputy minister while on tour outside the capital within the country or abroad are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels.[9]

Official residences[edit]

The following persons have to fly the flag on their official residence:

  • The President.
  • The Prime Minister.
  • The Speaker of Parliament.
  • The Chief justice of Bangladesh.
  • Cabinet Ministers.
  • Chief Whip.
  • Deputy Speaker of Parliament.
  • The Leader of the Opposition in Parliament.
  • Persons accorded the status of a Cabinet Minister.
  • Ministers of State.
  • Persons accorded the status of a Minister of State.
  • Deputy Ministers.
  • Persons accorded the status of a Deputy Minister.
  • Heads of Diplomatic/Consular Missions of Bangladesh in foreign countries.
  • Chairmen of Chittagong hill tracts (district offices of Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban)[9]

Motor vehicles and vessels[edit]

The following persons are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels:

  • The President
  • Prime Minister
  • The Speaker of Parliament.
  • The chief Justice of Bangladesh.
  • Cabinet Ministers.
  • Chief Whip.
  • Deputy Speaker of Parliament.
  • The Leader of the Opposition in Parliament.
  • Persons accorded the status of a Cabinet Minister.
  • Heads of Diplomatic/Consular Missions of Bangladesh in foreign countries.[9]

Display[edit]

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on public and private buildings throughout Bangladesh and the office premises of Bangladesh Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts on the following days and occasions :

Half-mast[edit]

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown half-mast on the following days:

World Record[edit]

On 16 December 2013, the 42nd victory day of Bangladesh, 27,117 Bangladeshi people gathered in National Parade Ground in Dhaka’s Sher-e-Bangla Nagar and created a "human flag" which was recorded in Guinness World Records as the world’s largest human national flag.[10][11][12] The participants take 6 minutes and 16 seconds standby to hold the placards over their head to make the history.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Similar flags[edit]

References[edit]

[13]

  1. ^ a b Flag of Bangladesh, Flags of the World.
  2. ^ http://www.prothom-alo.com/pachmisheli/article/98845/আমাদের_জাতীয়_পতাকা
  3. ^ Glassie, Henry and Mahmud, Feroz. 2008. Living Traditions. Cultural Survey of Bangladesh Series-II. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Dhaka. p.580
  4. ^ "Lonely Planet: Bangladesh", 4th Edition, Lonely Planet Publications,(December 2000), ISBN 0-86442-667-4.
  5. ^ "Flag description". The world fact book. CIA USA. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  6. ^ PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH FLAG RULES, 1972 (Revised up to 2005), Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division
  7. ^ Flags of the World. Rob Raeside. Colours of the Flag [Retrieved February 16, 2014].
  8. ^ Find a PANTONE color. Pantone LLC. Pantone Color Picker [Retrieved February 16, 2014].
  9. ^ a b c d e Flag Rules, People's Republic of Bangladesh
  10. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2014/01/04/bangladeshs-human-flag-in-guinness-world-records
  11. ^ http://www.banglamail24.com/english/index.php?view=details&news_type_id=1&menu_id=3&news_id=13262
  12. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/12/16/world-largest-human-flag
  13. ^ World Biggest human flag by Bangladesh


External links[edit]