Flag of Bulgaria

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Bulgaria
Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Use Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 1881 (original version)
1991 (current version)
Design A horizontal tricolour of white, green and red.

The flag of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: знаме на България, [znɑmɛ nɑ bɤ̞ɫˈɡɑrijɐ]) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The flag was first adopted after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), where Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the People's Republic of Bulgaria. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.

History[edit]

After the liberational Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), the flag was described in the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879 as follows:

From 1948 until 1990 the emblem of People's Republic of Bulgaria was placed on the left side of the white stripe. It contained a lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the years 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh and 1944, the year when the Fatherland Front took power which lead to the establishment of the People's Republic of Bulgaria.

The new Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991, describes the Bulgarian flag as follows:

A popular version of the flag, which has no official status, is also commonly seen. It has the full coat of arms on the left of the flag, placed across the white and green fields only.[3]

Flag law[edit]

According to the Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria, promulgated on April 24, 1998:

Colours[edit]

According to the Standardisation and Metrology Committee, the following are the required colours for use in the national flag:

Colour scheme White Green Red
Pantone textile scale[5] Whiteness greater than 80% 17-5936 18-1664
Web colours[5] #FFFFFF #00966E #D62612

Gallery[edit]

Standard of the President
Standard of the Prime Minister
Standard of the Tsar, -1946
Flag of Bulgaria (1944-1946)
Flag of Bulgaria (1944-1946)
Flag of Bulgaria (1946-1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1946-1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Current Bulgarian War flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s - mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Current Bulgarian War flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s - mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1878-1944)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1878-1944)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949-1955)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949-1955)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1955-1990)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1955-1990)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tarnovo Constitution of 1879" (in Bulgarian). Juridical Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  2. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  3. ^ Unofficial flag, taken from 2013 Bulgaria Summer Protests, Darik News, 26 June 2013, and unofficial flag, taken from Protests in Bulgaria: the unnoticed uprising, TheConversation.com, 24 Jun 2013. Both retrieved 27 Jun 2013.
  4. ^ "Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b Government of Bulgaria (2005). "Bulgaria's National Flag". Retrieved 2007-11-09. 

External links[edit]