Flag of Cuba
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||June 25, 1848|
|Design||A striped flag of five alternating blue and white stripes, with a red chevron containing a white five-pointed star near the hoist|
|Designed by||Narciso López and Miguel Teurbe Tolón|
After fighting under the orders of the Spanish Crown against the liberating armies of South America, Narciso López moved from his native Caracas toward Cuba. There his mentality changed, which led him to rebel against the Crown which he had defended years earlier. His support for the revolutionary cause led him to exile, by getting involved in organizations for freedom of Cuba.
In the year 1849, Narciso López was exiled in the U.S. city of New York, where he carried out the plans for a possible insurrection. One morning, legend has it that when López woke and looked outside the window, he saw in the sky colors of the dawn of the morning. He could see "a triangle of Red clouds announcing the dawn, and in the triangle shone the morning star Venus, while two white clouds departed from the triangle to divide into three blue stripes of shining heaven". Excited by what they had just seen, Lopez turned to his friend, Miguel Teurbe Tolón, to tell of the event that unfolded in the skies. Aside from this sweetened version that does not have a case to deny, evidenced by the history of Narciso López is that the flag was inspired so general in the U.S. (the expedition to Cuba in 1850 was intended as the annexation). The three blue stripes represent the three departments in which Cuba was divided at that time, the white purity of ideals, the light; the red triangle, reason mason originating from the French Revolution and the three ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity, red for the blood and the courage; the star, extended military symbol was the new state that should be added to the United States. Miguel Teurbe Tolón was the one who designed the flag alongside Lopez with the story of Lopez's vision, and Emilia Teurbe Tolón, wife of Miguel, who sewed her hand for the first time. Narciso López, the poet Miguel Teurbe Tolón, José Aniceto Iznaga Borrell, his nephew José María Sánchez Iznaga, Cirilo Villaverde and Juan Manuel Macias, drew up the flag of Cuba, which is now the official flag: two white stripes, three blue, a red triangle, a lone star. On it they swore to fight and lay down their lives by making an independent Cuba.
Narciso López used this same flag to carry out in the year 1850 during his insurrection, which resulted in failure, being implemented by the Spanish authorities once it was captured. The coastal town of Cardenas (Matanzas) was the first town that saw the splendor of the flag of the Lone Star hoisted on May 19, 1851 in the taking of the city by Cuban rebels.
A year after the start of the ten years war, the first Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Cuba met arms in Guáimaro, Camagüey province. The debate focused between two flags of great symbolism, the Demajagua created by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes to give start to the war of independence, and the Lone Star of Narciso López, this being chosen, since Narciso López had taken the first step for the freedom of Cuba. La Demajagua flag not was scrapped, but instead, was put in the sessions of the House of representatives and retained as part of the national treasure.
On the morning of May 20, 1902, the day of the inauguration of the Republic, the Generalissimo Máximo Gómez had the honor of hoisting the flag on the flagpole of the castles of the Tres Reyes del Morro, Havana, thus sealing with this Act the end of the Cuban revolution, their independence wars and at the same time justifying the sacrifice that so many did to make this dream a reality.
Both the flag and the coat of arms were designed by Miguel Teurbe Tolón. The design of both specifications were established by the first President of Cuba, Tomás Estrada Palma, by Decree, on April 21, 1906 and have remained unchanged since then.
Subsequent use of the flag
In April 1869, Narciso López's flag was designated the national banner by the Congress of the Republic of Cuba in Arms. López's flag was the model for the flag of Puerto Rico adopted in 1892 by the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, a pro-independence group that worked under the auspices of Cuban Revolutionary Party.
After the United States seized Cuba from Spain during the Spanish–American War, the Stars and Stripes flew from January 1, 1899, until independence was granted. On May 20, 1902, the Cuban national flag was hoisted as a symbol of independence and sovereignty. It has been used ever since, remaining unchanged after the Cuban Revolution of 1959. During the revolution, Cuban president Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement created a party flag equally divided in red and black like the Angolan national flag usually in horizontal stripes and often with inscriptions, which is often flown on public buildings.
The Cuban flag is at a length-to-width ratio of 4:2. The blue and white alternating stripes are of equal length. The red chevron is in the shape of an equilateral triangle that doesn't extend to the middle of the flag. The star within the chevron has a radius that is 3/20 the length of the hoist. Its middle is halfway up the flag.
- Coat of arms of Cuba
- Flag of Puerto Rico, a similar flag with the red and blue reversed, and shorter length
- Jorge Iznaga. JOSE ANICETO IZNAGA BORRELL Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Jorge Iznaga. JOSE MARIA SANCHEZ IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012.
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