Flag of Kurdistan
||It has been suggested that this article be split into articles titled Flag of Iraqi Kurdistan and Flag of Syrian Kurdistan, accessible from a disambiguation page. (July 2014)|
|Name||Alaya Rengîn ("The Colorful Flag")|
|Adopted||December 17, 1945|
|Design||Red, Yellow, Green and white with sun disk ("Roj") having 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds importance in the ancient Yazdani religious traditions of the Kurds|
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Kurdish history and culture
The Flag of Kurdistan (Kurdish: Alay Kurdistan or Alaya Kurdistanê, ئاڵای کوردستان, also called Alaya Rengîn "The Colorful Flag") first appeared during the Kurdish independence movement from the Ottoman Empire. It is said to have been created in the 1900s by the organisation of Xoybûn (Khoyboon). An earlier version of this flag was flown by the break-away Republic of Ararat in Turkey during the period 1927-1931. A similar flag was later used by the Soviet-backed Kurdish Republic known as the Republic of Mahabad in 1946.
The main Kurdish characteristic of the flag is the blazing golden sun emblem (called a "Roj") at the center, which is an ancient religious and cultural symbol among the Kurds and synonymous with fire in representing wisdom in Zoroastrianism and Yezidi religion. The sun disk of the emblem has 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds importance in the ancient Yazdani religious traditions of the Kurds.
The symbolism of the colors are:
- Red symbolizes the blood of martyrs of Kurdistan and the continued struggle for the freedom and dignity for Kurdistan and its people.
- Green expresses the beauty and the landscapes of Kurdistan.
- White expresses peace, equality and freedom for all those who live in Kurdistan no matter of ethnicity or religion.
- Yellow represents the source of life and light of the people, while the sun represents the ancient Kurdish religion Yazdanism 
Flags used by Kurds
Flag of the Republic of Mahabad 1946–1947
One of the flags used in the Kurdish-held areas during the Syrian civil war, 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kurdish flags.|
- "The National Flag of Kurdistan"., Kurdish Institute of Paris.
- "Kurds and No Way". SchNEWS. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Dr. M. R. Izady. "The National Flag of Kurdistan". Encyclopaedia Kurdistanica. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "The Party's Emblem: KDP's Insignia". Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq. Retrieved 2008-02-06.