Flag of Kurdistan

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Flag of Kurdistan
Flag of Kurdistan.svg
Name Alaya Rengîn ("The Colorful Flag")[1] (also Boushera Zere)
Adopted 17 December 1945 by Republic of Mahabad[citation needed]

1992 by Iraqi Kurdistan

Design Red, Yellow, Green and white with sun disk ("Rozh" "Roj" "Roush") having 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds importance in the ancient Yazdani religious traditions of the Kurds

The Flag of Kurdistan (Kurdish: Alay Kurdistan or Alaya Kurdistanê, ئاڵای کوردستان, also called Alaya Rengîn "The Colorful Flag") first appeared during the Kurdish independence movement from the Ottoman Empire. Kurdish flag with the Red, Yellow, Green and White with sun disk of 21 rays is currently used as the official flag of the autonomous Kurdistan Region in Iraq, which is under control of the Kurdistan Regional Government. The flag is banned[year needed] in Turkey, Iran and Syria.[2][3]

The flag is said[according to whom?] to be based on an earlier version created by the organisation of Xoybûn (Khoyboon) active in the Ararat rebellion of 1930,[2] and flown by the break-away Republic of Ararat during the period 1927-1931. A similar flag was later used by the Soviet-backed Kurdish Republic known as the Republic of Mahabad in 1946.

The main characteristic of the flag is the blazing golden sun emblem (called a Roj) at the center, supposedly[according to whom?] representing wisdom in Zoroastrianism and Yezidi religion. The sun disk of the emblem has 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds importance in the ancient Yazdani religious traditions of the Kurds.[4][dead link]

The symbolism of the colors are:[citation needed]

  • Red symbolizes the blood of martyrs of Kurdistan and the continued struggle for the freedom and dignity for the Kurds.
  • Green expresses the beauty and the landscapes of Kurdistan.
  • White expresses peace, equality and freedom.
  • Yellow represents the source of life and light of the people, while the sun represents the ancient Kurdish religion Yazdanism

Flags used by Kurds[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "The National Flag of Kurdistan". , Kurdish Institute of Paris.
  3. ^ "Kurds and No Way". SchNEWS. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  4. ^ Dr. M. R. Izady. "The National Flag of Kurdistan". Encyclopaedia Kurdistanica. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  5. ^ a b c Kurdistan: Short-lived independent states, Flags of the World (1997). The FLags of the World website shows the Soran and Ararat flags as contributed by Jaume Ollé in 1997 without any reference. Only the flag of the Kingdom of Southern Kurdistan is explicitly based on sources, "The flag is shown in two sources: (a) a 1922 photograph of the Kurdish Army taking an oath of allegiance. (b) a sketch with notes on the colours by Ahmed Khwaja in his autobiography Cim Di (1970)." (T. F. Mills, 25 November 1997).

External links[edit]