Flag of Kurdistan

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Flag of Kurdistan
Flag of Kurdistan.svg
Name Alaya Rengîn ("The Colorful Flag")[1] (also Boushera Zere)
Adopted 17 December 1945 by Republic of Mahabad[citation needed]

1992 by Iraqi Kurdistan

Design Red, Yellow, Green and white with sun disk ("Rozh" "Roj" "Roush") having 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds importance in the ancient Yazdani religious traditions of the Kurds

The Flag of Kurdistan (Kurdish: Alay Kurdistan or Alaya Kurdistanê, ئاڵای کوردستان, also called Alaya Rengîn "The Colorful Flag") first appeared during the movement for Kurdish independence from the Ottoman Empire. Consisting of a tricolor of red, white, and green horizontal bands with a yellow sun disk of 21 rays at its center, it is currently the official flag of the autonomous Kurdistan Region in Iraq, which is under the control of the Kurdistan Regional Government. This flag is banned[year needed] in Iran and Syria.[2]

The flag resembles an earlier version created by the Xoybûn (Khoyboon) organization, active in the Ararat rebellion of 1930,[2] and flown by the break-away Republic of Ararat during the period 1927-1931. A similar flag was later used by the Soviet-backed Kurdish Republic known as the Republic of Mahabad in 1946.

The main characteristic of the flag is the blazing golden sun emblem (called a Roj) at its center. The emblem's sun disk has 21 rays, equal in size and shape. 21 is a venerated number, standing for rebirth/renaissance in the ancient and native Kurdish religion of Yazdanism and its modern offshoots, Yezidism, Yarsanism, and Alevism.[3]

The symbolism of the colors is:[citation needed]

  • Red symbolizes the blood relation or brotherhood;
  • Green expresses life and vitality;
  • White expresses peace, equality and freedom;
  • Yellow represents light and hope, represented by the golden sun.

Modern adaptation to international flag standards[edit]

A document dealing with the adaptation to international flag standards of the National Flag of Kurdistan was originally prepared by Dr. Mehrdad Izady (historical and aesthetic aspects) and Dr. Bijhan Eliasi (technical aspects) in 1998.[4] It was instantly adopted by the international Flag Institute. Subsequently, in AD 1999, the Parliament of the Kurdish Regional Government KRG (Iraqi Kurdistan) with the passage of legislation #14 adopted the standardized flag as described in that work to be the official and standard presentation of the Kurdish National Flag in all its aspects. It has since been widely adopted worldwide as the national flag of Kurdistan.

Flags used by Kurds[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "The National Flag of Kurdistan". , Kurdish Institute of Paris.
  3. ^ Dr. M. R. Izady. "The National Flag of Kurdistan". Encyclopaedia Kurdistanica. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  4. ^ Dr. M. R. Izady. "The National Flag of Kurdistan". Encyclopaedia Kurdistanica. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  5. ^ a b c Kurdistan: Short-lived independent states, Flags of the World (1997). The FLags of the World website shows the Soran and Ararat flags as contributed by Jaume Ollé in 1997 without any reference. Only the flag of the Kingdom of Southern Kurdistan is explicitly based on sources, "The flag is shown in two sources: (a) a 1922 photograph of the Kurdish Army taking an oath of allegiance. (b) a sketch with notes on the colours by Ahmed Khwaja in his autobiography Cim Di (1970)." (T. F. Mills, 25 November 1997).

External links[edit]