List of Malaysian flags

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Malaysian flag in Merdeka Square

This is a list of flags used in Malaysia.


National flags[edit]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of Malaysia.svg 1963 onwards Flag of Malaysia Fourteen horizontal stripes alternating red and white; in the canton, a yellow crescent and 14-point star on a blue field.
Civil Ensign of Malaysia.svg Civil Ensign of Malaysia A red field with the Flag of Malaysia in a blue-fimbriated canton.
Government Ensign of Malaysia.svg Government Ensign of Malaysia A blue field with the Flag of Malaysia in the canton.

Monarch[edit]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia.svg Standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong The Jata Negara, the coat of arms of Malaysia, enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a yellow field.
Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong.svg Standard of the Raja Permaisuri Agong The coat of arms of Malaysia enwreathed by two sheaves of paddy on a light green field.

Military[edit]

Main article: Military of Malaysia
Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of the Malaysian Army.svg Flag of the Malaysian Army A red field defaced with the crest of the Malaysian Army, with the Malaysian flag with black fimbriation in the canton.
Ensign of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.svg Flag of the Royal Malaysian Air Force A sky blue field defaced with the Federal Star, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Malaysia.svg Naval ensign of the Royal Malaysian Navy A white field defaced with blue crossed kris and anchor, with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Malaysia 1963-1968.svg 1963 – 1968 Naval ensign of the Royal Malaysian Navy A red cross on a white field with the Malaysian flag in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Malaya 1957-1963.svg 1957 – 1963 Naval ensign of the Royal Malayan Navy A red cross on a white field with the Malayan flag in the canton.

Administrative divisions[edit]

States[edit]

Main article: States of Malaysia
Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of Perlis.svg 1870 on Flag of the state of Perlis. Two equal horizontal bands of yellow and blue.
Flag of Kedah.svg 1912 on Flag of the state of Kedah. A red field with the state coat of arms in the canton.
Flag of Penang (Malaysia).svg 1957 on Flag of the state of Penang. A blue, white and yellow vertical tri-colour defaced with a betel nut tree.
Flag of Perak.svg 1879 on Flag of the state of Perak. A white, yellow and black horizontal tri-colour.
Flag of Kelantan.svg 1923 on Flag of the state of Kelantan. A red field defaced with a white crescent and star and two white kris and spears.
Flag of Terengganu.svg 1947 on Flag of the state of Terengganu. A black field defaced with a white crescent and five-pointed star, with white at the edge.
Flag of Pahang.svg 1903 on Flag of the state of Pahang. Two equal horizontal bands of white and black.
Flag of Selangor.svg 1965 on Flag of the state of Selangor. Red and yellow quartered, with a white crescent and five-pointed stars in the canton.
Flag of Negeri Sembilan.svg 1895 on Flag of the state of Negeri Sembilan. A yellow field with two diagonal bands of red and black in the canton.
Flag of Malacca.svg 1961 on Flag of the state of Malacca. Two equal bands of red and white, with a crescent and five-pointed star in a blue canton.
Flag of Johor.svg 1871 on Flag of the state of Johor. A blue field with an arranged crescent and five-pointed stars in a red canton.
Flag of Sarawak.svg 1988 on Flag of the state of Sarawak. A yellow field with two diagonal bands of red (top) and black, defaced with a nine-pointed star.
Flag of Sabah.svg 1988 on Flag of the state of Sabah. A blue (top), white, and red tri-colour, with the silhouette of Mount Kinabalu on a light blue canton.

Federal territories[edit]

A common flag for the three federal territories was adopted by the Ministry of the Federal Territories on 20 August 2006. The flag is to be used and flown on matters and ceremonies that would involved all the federal territories as a whole. An example would be in national sporting events, the unified contingent of the territories would be under this common flag. However, the usage of the individual territorial flags would be given preference in events relating to individual territories.[1]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of the Federal Territories - Malaysia.svg 2006 on Flag of the Federal Territories three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), blue, and red, there is a Malaysian coat of arms in center of blue band.
Flag of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.svg 1990 on Flag of Kuala Lumpur blue with six equal horizontal stripes of red (top), and white in upper and lower, there is a yellow crescent and yellow fourteen-pointed stars in left within blue band.
Flag of Labuan.svg 1963 on Flag of Labuan three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue, there is a yellow crescent and yellow fourteen-pointed stars in white band.
Flag of Putrajaya.svg 2001 on Flag of Putrajaya three equal vertical bands of blue (top, double width), and yellow, there is a Malaysian coat of arms in yellow band.

Historical[edit]

Sultanate flags[edit]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Old Flag of Brunei.svg 15th century – 1888 Flag of the Bruneian Empire, once rule most of the island of Borneo until Seludong (present-day Manila) and Banjarmasin in Kalimantan Yellow flag represented the Sultanate of Brunei.
Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg 16th – 18th centuries Flag of the Sultanate of Sulu, once rule the eastern part of Sabah after the territory been given by the Sultanate of Brunei after they sending help to settling a civil war in Brunei, however the Bruneian until present denied giving any parts of the territory of Sabah to this Sultanate as supported by a number of sources[2] Represented the Suluk identity.
Flag of Kedah (18th century - 1912).svg 18th century – 1912 Flag of the Sultanate of Kedah Red flag represented the Sultanate of Kedah.
Flag of Bulungan.svg 1731 – 1881 Flag of the Sultanate of Bulungan, during the area of Tawau in Sabah was under the influence of this Sultanate Represented the Bulungan identity.
Flag of Pahang (1853 - 1887).svg 1853 – 1887 The first flag of the Sultanate of Pahang during a union with Johor Black flag represented the Sultanate of Pahang.
Flag of Pahang (1887 - 1903).svg 1887 – 1903 The second flag of the Sultanate of Pahang Black flag with a little white on the left represented the Sultanate of Pahang.
White Flag of the Malay Sultanates.svg 1855
18th century – 1912
18th century – 1879
Flag of the Sultanate of Johor
Flag of the Sultanate of Kelantan
Flag of the Sultanate of Perak
White flag of several Malay Sultanates.
Flag of Johor (1855 - 1865).svg 1855 – 1865 Flag of the Sultanate of Johor from 1855 to 1865 Black flag with a small white rectangle in the upleft.
Flag of Johor (1865 - 1871).svg 1865 – 1871 Flag of the Sultanate of Johor from 1865 to 1871 Black flag with a small red rectangle cross similar like the St Andrew's Cross in the upleft.
Flag of Selangor (pre 1965).svg 1859 – 1965 Flag of the Sultanate of Selangor Quite similar with the current flag except for the yellow crescent and star.
Flag of Kelantan (1912 - 1923).svg 1912 – 1923 Flag of the Sultanate of Kelantan from 1912 to 1923 Encompasses a white flag with a blue border enveloping the top, fly, and hoist of the flag, and Jawi scriptures stylised as a feline. The tip of the tail is interpreted as "Kerajaan Kelantan" (denoting the Kelantanese government), while the main body of the animal-based scripture contains two passages from the Qur'an, an excerpt of the 13th ayat of the 61st surah, the Al-Saf.
Flag of Terengganu (1912 - 1933).svg 1912 – 1933 Flag of the Sultanate of Terengganu from 1912 to 1933 Black and white flag.
Flag of Terengganu (1933 - 1947).svg 1933 – 1947 Flag of the Sultanate of Terengganu from 1933 to 1947 Similar with the first flag but added with a crescent and star.

Colonial flags[edit]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag Portugal (1640).svg 1511 – 1641 Flag of Portuguese Malacca, a colony in the Portuguese Empire White rectangle centrally charged with the coat of arms bearing five castles on an ogival or heater-shaped shield and surmounted by an open royal crown.
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg 1641 – 1795 Flag of the VOC in Dutch Malacca Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue (bottom), in the center there is a small logo of the VOC.
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg 1795 – 1801 Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Used by British Forces during the intermittent British occupation during the Napoleonic Wars The Flags of England and Scotland superimposed.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1801 – 1818 Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland A superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland with the Saint Patrick's Saltire .
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1818 – 1825 Flag of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. After the occupation and restoration of Dutch rule in Malacca the VOC had since gone bankrupt and all assets had transferred to the Batavian Republic which in turn turned into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Resulting in the use of the plain Dutch flag in Dutch Malacca A horizontal tricolour of red (Bright Vermilion), white, and blue (Cobalt Blue).
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1826 – 1895 Flag of the East India Company. With the establishment of the Straits Settlement, the East India Company ruled Malaya until it was designated a Crown Colony in 1867. Its design elements of the Union Jack in the canton and the red and white stripes is purportedly the reference behind the current Flag of Malaysia Numerous white and red stripes with the Union Flag of the United Kingdom in the canton.
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1942).svg 1826 – 1946 Flag of the Straits Settlements A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing three gold crown; separated with a red inverted pall, which looks like an inverted Y.
Flag of Penang (1946-1949).svg 1946 – 1949 Flag of Penang A blue ensign defaced with the pre-1985 lesser arms of Penang.
Flag of Malacca (1946-1957).svg 1946 – 1957 Flag of Malacca A blue ensign defaced with A Famosa motif.
Flag of Singapore (1946-1959).svg 1946 – 1959 Flag of Singapore A blue ensign defaced with a white disc containing a crown within a red inverted pall, which looks like an inverted Y.
Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg 1896 – 1946
1946 – 1948
1948 – 1950
Flag of the Federated Malay States
Flag of the Malayan Union
Flag of the Federation of Malaya
Four equal horizontal bands of white (top), red, yellow, and black, there is a small ellipse disc in center the red and yellow band, bearing a tiger running in white path.
Naval Ensign of the Federated Malay States.svg 1895 – 1946 Naval ensign of the Federated Malay States Diagonally quartered white, red, black and yellow.
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg 1942 – 1945 Flag of the Empire of Japan. Used when Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Labuan were under Japanese military governing, and also used in Singapore (was renamed to Shōnantō). Centered sun disc on a white field.
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Centered sun disc with 16 rays on a white field.
Flag of Malaya.svg 1950 – 1963 Flag of the Federation of Malaya The flag consists of a yellow crescent with an 11 point star in a dark blue background, and 11 alternating red and white stripes.
Flag of Sarawak (1841–1848).svg 1841 – 1848 Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak The first flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1848) using the St George's Cross, after the territory been ceded by the Sultanate of Brunei.
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1848).svg 1848 – 1870 Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak The second flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak used from (1848-1870), with red and blue cross in the style of St. George's Cross. The Crown in the centre symbolises the Rajah of Sarawak.
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1870).svg 1870 – 1946
1963 – 1973
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak and later Flag of the state of Sarawak The third flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak, with red and black cross in the style of St. George's Cross. The black symbolises the ruling class, and the red the people. Similar as on the second flag, the Crown in the centre symbolises the Rajah. This flag was reintroduced upon independence.
Flag of the Crown Colony of Sarawak (1946).svg 1946 – 1963 Flag of the Crown Colony of Sarawak After World War II Sarawak becomes a crown colony. A blue ensign defaced with the former Kingdom Badge was adopted.
Flag of North Borneo.svg 1882 – 1948 Flag of North Borneo A blue ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
Flag of North Borneo (Civil Ensign).svg Civil ensign of North Borneo A red ensign defaced with the badge of North Borneo Chartered Company.
Flag of North Borneo 1948-1963.png 1948 – 1963 Flag of Crown Colony of North Borneo After World War II North Borneo becomes a crown colony. A blue ensign was adopted with the new badge instead that of North Borneo Company.
Flag of the British Colony of Labuan (1912-1946).svg 1912 – 1946 Flag of the Crown Colony of Labuan A blue ensign defaced with a ship.

State flags[edit]

Flag Date (century) Use Description
Flag of Penang (Malaysia) (1949).png 1949 – 1957 State flag of Penang (1949-1957) Similar with the current flag except with a blue and white breakwater.
Flag of Sarawak (1973–1988).svg 1973 – 1988 Flag of the state of Sarawak (1973-1988). The 'Trisakti' Flag introduced to replace the colonial era flag A horizontal bicolour of red and white with a blue triangle on the hoist.
Flag of Sabah (1963-1982).svg 1963 – 1982 Flag of the state of Sabah Four equal horizontal bar of red, white, yellow and blue, with the brown silhoutte of Mount Kinabalu in a green canton.
Flag of Sabah (1982-1988).svg 1982 – 1988 A horizontal bicolour of blue and white with a red triangle on the hoist.
Flag of Singapore.svg 1959 – 1965 Flag of the state of Singapore (Negeri Singapura). When Singapore exited the federation, the flag was maintained as the National flag of the Republic of Singapore. A horizontal bicolour of red over white, charged in white in the canton with a crescent facing, towards the fly, a pentagon of five stars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilayah Persekutuan
  2. ^ Rozan Yunos (7 March 2013). "Sabah and the Sulu claims". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 

Flag dates published references[edit]

External links[edit]