Flag of North Korea
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|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||8 September 1948|
|Design||A wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist.|
The flag of North Korea (officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) was adopted on 8 September 1948, as the national flag and ensign. The flag is defined in Article 170 of Chapter VII of the North Korean constitution.
The flag was adopted when the northern portion of Korea became a socialist republic supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union following the restoration of independence of Korea and the surrender of the Empire of Japan. The colors of the Korean Empire flag were white, blue, and a pale shade of red bordering on orange. North Korea retained these colors for its new flag, with more prominence given to the red, per communist symbolism, and added a red star on a white disk.
A 270-kg (600 lb) North Korean national flag flies from the world's third tallest flagpole, which is located at Kijŏng-dong, on the North Korean side of the Military Demarcation Line within the Korean Demilitarized Zone. The flag-pole is 160 meters (520 feet) tall.
There are several other known flags in use. There are flags for the Korean People's Army, and its two subdivisions the Korean People's Air Force and Korean People's Navy, which follow a common design but with different colors (blue and white for the Navy and dark blue and light blue for the Air Force). There is also a flag of the ruling Worker's Party of Korea, modeled after similar communist party flags, and a flag for the Supreme Commander of the KPA used by Kim Jong-un, which has the Supreme Commander's Arms on a red field.
The North Korean flag's prominent red star is a universal symbol of communism, although since the flag's adoption, the philosophy of Juche has replaced Marxism-Leninism as the state's guiding ideology, and references to Communism have been systematically removed from the country's constitution and legal documents. The disk recalls the taegeuk found on the flag of the Korean Empire, and represents the opposing principles of nature. The red stripe expresses revolutionary traditions. The two blue stripes stand for sovereignty, peace and friendship. The white stripes symbolize purity.
An official website for the Democratic Republic of Korea indicates, on the contrary, the red star represents revolutionary traditions, the red panel is indicative of the patriotism and determination of the Korean people. The white stripes symbolizes the unified nation and its culture. The blue stripes represent unity.
Flag of the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea (February 1946-July 1948)
Flag of the Workers' Party of Korea
Unification Flag of North and South Korea
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea (April 2009). VII: National Emblem, National Flag, National Anthem, and Capital. "Article 170". Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Retrieved 19 May 2010. "The national flag of the DPRK consists of a wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist. The ratio of the width to its length is 1:2."
- All States Flags - North Korea
- "North Korean Flag". Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "Flag and emblem". Retrieved 31 March 2013.
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