Flag of Oklahoma

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Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma.svg
Use Civil and state flag
Adopted April 2, 1925 (modified May 23, 2006)
Design Buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers on a sky blue field.
Designed by Louise Fluke
Flag of Oklahoma 1925.svg
Variant flag of Oklahoma

The flag of the state of Oklahoma consists of a traditional Osage Nation buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers on a sky blue field.

Symbolism[edit]

The Oklahoma flag outside of the Oklahoma Capitol.

The Osage shield is covered by two symbols of peace: the calumet representing Native Americans, and the olive branch representing European Americans. Six golden brown crosses, Native American symbols for stars, are spaced on the shield. The blue field is inspired by the Choctaw flag adopted by the tribe in 1860 and carried though the American Civil War.[1]The blue field also represents devotion. The shield surmounted by the calumet and olive branch represents defensive or protective warfare, showing a love of peace by a united people.[2]

In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA) placed Oklahoma's flag 39th in design quality out of the 72 Canadian provincial, U.S. state and U.S. territory flags ranked.[3]

Salute[edit]

The state legislature adopted the following salute to the flag in 1982: "I salute the Flag of the State of Oklahoma: Its symbols of peace unite all people."

History[edit]

Oklahoma flag 1911–1925

Oklahoma's first flag was adopted in 1911, four years after statehood. Taking the colors red, white, and blue from the flag of the United States, the flag featured a large centered white star fimbriated in blue on a red field. The number 46 was written in blue inside the star, as Oklahoma was the forty-sixth state to join the Union.[4]

A contest, sponsored by the Daughters of the American Revolution, was held in 1924 to replace the flag, as red flags were closely associated with communism. The winning entry by Louise Fluke, which was adopted as the state flag on April 2, 1925, resembled the current flag without the word Oklahoma on it. That word was added in 1941[4] in an effort to combat widespread illiteracy.[5][6] The colors and shapes were standardized by Oklahoma Senate Bill 1359[7] and signed into law by Governor Brad Henry on May 23, 2006.

Flag of the Governor[edit]

Standard of the Governor of Oklahoma

According to a statute adopted in 1957, the flag of the governor of Oklahoma consists of a forest green field, fringed in gold, charged with the state seal surrounded by a pentagram of five white stars.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Don Healy's Native American Flqags: Choctaw Nation." Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  2. ^ State Symbols USA:Oklahoma State Flag. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  3. ^ http://www.nava.org/flag-design/survey/state-provincial-survey-2001
  4. ^ a b Netstate.com "The Oklahoma State Flag.Retrieved April 9, 2013
  5. ^ http://www.mega-flags.com/Oklahoma-Flag-Oklahoma-State-Flag.html
  6. ^ http://genealogytrails.com/oka/Oklahomaflags.html
  7. ^ "Enrolled Senate Bill No. 1359". Oklahoma State Courts Network. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  8. ^ Shearer, B.F. and Shearer, B.S. (2002). State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide (Third Edition). Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-31534-5, p. 67.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]