Flag of Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oregon
Flag of Oregon.svg
Use Civil and state flag
Proportion 3:5
Adopted April 15, 1925
Design Seal of Oregon in gold on an azure field. Above the seal the text "State of Oregon" is displayed in a wavy flow.
Designed by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox.

The flag of the state of Oregon is a two-sided flag in navy blue and gold with an optional gold fringe. On the front is the escutcheon from the state seal and on the reverse is a gold figure of a beaver, the state animal. Oregon is currently the only U.S. state to have a two-sided flag (the Flag of Massachusetts was changed in 1971 to be single-sided).[1]

History[edit]

The current flag design became official on February 26, 1925.[2] What is believed to be the first flag of Oregon produced was made that year by Meier & Frank, sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox, employees of the department store.[3] That flag was donated to Eastern Oregon University in 1954 by the grandson of former governor Walter M. Pierce.[3] In 2010, the flag was restored.[3]

Description[edit]

The flags of the United States and Oregon in Portland, Oregon

The flag field is navy blue with all lettering and symbols in gold, representing the state colors of Oregon.[4][5] On the obverse, the legend STATE OF OREGON is written above an escutcheon, which also appears in the Oregon state seal. The shield is surrounded by 33 stars, representing Oregon's admission to the Union as the 33rd state. Below the shield is written 1859, the year in which Oregon became a state.[4]

The reverse of the flag (the hoist is to the right)

Oregon's flag is the last remaining state flag in the U.S. in which the obverse and reverse sides have different designs.[2] Paraguay[6] is the only country that still has a two-sided flag. Two-sided flags were previously more common, but have been reduced due to increased costs of manufacturing a flag with two different designs.[2] On the reverse of the flag is a depiction, also in gold, of a beaver, the state animal of Oregon.[4] Oregon has the only U.S. state flag with differing symbolism on two sides.[7]

For dress or parade usage, the flag may feature a gold fringe. For standard usage, no fringe is required.[4] The ratio of the flag's width to length is 3:5.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Oregon/stateFLAG.html Statesymbolsusa.org
  2. ^ a b c "Geography". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  3. ^ a b c "Oregon's first flag will be moved to a public display at Eastern Oregon University". The Oregonian. The Associated Press. September 6, 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Oregon Almanac:Flag, State". Oregon Blue Book. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  5. ^ Shearer, B.F; Shearer, B.S (2002). State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide (Third ed.). Greenwood Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-313-31534-5. 
  6. ^ Oregon, flag of. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on May 6, 2008.
  7. ^ "Vexillology - Flags with different backsides". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Oregon Flag". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 

External links[edit]