Flag of Qatar

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Flag of Qatar.svg
Name Al-Adaam
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 11:28
Adopted 9 July 1971
Flag and emblem of Qatar, displayed above the entrance of the Qatari Embassy in Paris

The flag of Qatar (Arabic: علم قطر‎) is in the ratio of 11:28. It is maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side.

The flag is very similar to the flag of the neighbouring country Bahrain, which has fewer points, a 3:5 proportion, and a red colour instead of maroon. Qatar's flag is the only national flag having a width more than twice its height.[citation needed]


  • The white portion of the Qatar flag symbolizes peace.
  • The maroon, which was formerly red, represents the bloodshed in Qatar's many wars.[citation needed]
  • The serrated edge represents Qatar as the 9th member of the 'reconciled Emirates' of the Persian Gulf at the conclusion of the Qatari-British treaty in 1916.


The flag was adopted just before Qatar gained independence from Britain on September 3, 1971. Qatar modified its entirely red flag with the addition of a white vertical stripe at the hoist to suit the British directive in the mid-19th century. The nine-pointed serrated edge was added to the Qatar flag in the mid-20th century and the maroon color was adopted in 1949, thus creating the modern day national flag. In 1855, Shaikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani already used a flag with similar pattern and purplish-red and white colours. The flag was officially adopted on July 9, 1971, although a nearly identical flag (only differing in proportion) had been used since 1949.


The use of purple coloring in the country dates back several centuries.[1] It has been asserted that Qatar was the site of the earliest known production of shellfish dye during the rule of the Kassites and that they operated a dye industry on the coast of Qatar which produced purple dye.[2][3] Qatar was also known for its production of purple dye during the rule of the Sasanian Empire.[4] Mohammed bin Thani, who ruled from 1847–1876, proposed the creation a flag with a purple-red color in order to unify the state and highlight its historic significance. The flags colors were tinted darker by the sun, resulting in a maroon coloring.[1] In 1932, the British Navy suggested an official flag should be designed. They proposed that the flag be red, but Qatar rejected the red coloring and used maroon instead.[1]

Overview of flags[edit]

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  1. ^ a b c "Al Adaam.. History of a Nation". Qatar e-Government. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Sterman, Baruch (2012). Rarest Blue: The Remarkable Story Of An Ancient Color Lost To History And Rediscovered. Lyons Press. pp. 21–22. ISBN 978-0762782222. 
  3. ^ Khalifa, Haya; Rice, Michael (1986). Bahrain Through the Ages: The Archaeology. Routledge. pp. 79, 215. ISBN 978-0710301123. 
  4. ^ "Qatar - Early history". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 17 January 2015.