Flag of Saxony

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Freestate Saxony
Flag of Saxony.svg
Name Landesflagge
Use Civil flag Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1920, 1947, 1991
Design A bicolor of white over green.
Flag of Saxony (state).svg
Variant flag of Freestate Saxony
Name Landesdienstflagge
Use State flag Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1991
Design The civil flag with the addition of the coat of arms.

Both the civil and state flag of the German state of Saxony feature a bicolour of white over green, similar to the Austrian province of Styria. The state flag is similar to the civil flag, except it is defaced in the centre with the coat of arms of Saxony. The colours of both flags were officially decided as state colours in 1815.[1] The aristocracy used mostly and in first time the quadrangular and later the rectangular form.

Overview[edit]

The civil bicolour flag of white over green was used before World War II, and formally abolished in 1935, under the reforms of the Third Reich. It was readopted 1947 when Saxony became a state again, and abolished 1952 under governing reforms of the German Democratic Republic. When Germany was reunited, Saxony became a state again, and so the flag was finally officially readopted in 1991, having been a much used symbol during the demonstrations in the German Democratic Republic in 1989/90.[2]

Gallery[edit]

Previous versions
First Saxon flag of Old Saxony (700-785) 
Saxon flag by the House of Ascania; associated for the Saxon Ostmark and battleflag for the Saxon Eastern March; crusades around 950 
Royal standart of the House of Wettin 
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1826–1920), designed by Queen Victoria 
Saxe-Altenburg (1602–1672, 1826–1918, 1918–1920) 
Saxe-Meiningen Flag design during 1826–1918 
Banner of Duchess Anna Amalia of Saxe Weimar who was the patron of Goethe and Schiller 
Modern Royal standart of the House of Wettin 
Electorate of Saxony (1356–1806) 
The height of Saxony's power: Flag of the Union State of Saxony, Poland and Lithuania (1697-1706; 1709-1763) 
Without coat of arms (until 1815) 
The flag of the Kingdom of Saxony, Nazi Gau, inofficial in GDR and German reunification (from (1815-1935); 1991 until today) 
War flag with cannons, bombs, lances and one Fire Salamander, who can live in, eat and his drunken blood protects from fire (1697-1706; 1709-1763) 
The banner of the Margraviate of Meissen for troops or princes (1806-1918) 
Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1809–1920) 
Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach (1596–1638; 1640–1644; 1662–1809) 
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1826-1911) 
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1911-1920) 
Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1680–1826) 
Saxe-Hildburghausen (1680–1826) 
Flag of Gau Saxony (1933-1945) 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ State Chancellery (1991), Gesetz über das Wappen des Freistaates Sachsen vom 18. November 1991 (Law on the arms of the Free State Saxony of 18 November 1991) 
  2. ^ Siobhán Ryan (2002-03-19), Verwaltungsvorschrift des Sächsischen Staatskanzlei über die Beflaggung der Dienstgebäude im Freistaat Sachsen (Administrative Regulation of the Saxon Prime Minister's Office on the Display of Flags in Official Buildings in the Free State of Saxony)  (German)