Flag of Slovenia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Slovenia
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Use National flag and naval ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 25 June 1991 [1]
Design A horizontal tricolour of white, blue, and red, defaced with the Coat of Arms of Slovenia.
Civil Ensign of Slovenia.svg
Variant flag of Slovenia
Use Civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1991
Design A horizontal tricolour of white, blue, and red, defaced with the Coat of Arms of Slovenia.

The national flag of Slovenia features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Slovenian coat of arms located in the upper hoist side of the flag centred in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the centre; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovenian dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.[2]

The flag's colours are considered to be Pan-Slavic, but they actually come from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola, consisting of a blue eagle on a white background with a red-and-gold crescent.[3] The existing Slovene tricolor was raised for the first time in history during the Revolution of 1848 by the Slovene Romantic nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman on 7 April 1848, in Ljubljana, in response to a German flag which was raised on top of Ljubljana Castle.[4]

The civil and state ensign for ships has the same design as the national flag, but a different shape (2:3 instead of 1:2). (Boats up to 24 metres use the national flag as an ensign.[5]) The naval jack uses colours of the coat of arms, a white, blue, and yellow horizontal tricolor.[6]

Historical development[edit]

Origins[edit]

1:2 Design used in the past, but now abandoned Flag of the Slovene nation, first flown during the spring of nations of 1848

The white-blue-red Slovenian flag was first exposed on April 7, 1848, on a building between Congress Square and Prešeren Square in Ljubljana, by a group of nationally minded students led by the renowned national conservative activist and poet Lovro Toman. Despite opposition from the local Ethnic Germans it was subsequently recognized by the Austrian Government as the official flag of Carniola. This formal recognition, albeit on a regional level, was an exception to the policy of the Austrian Government which tended to persecute national symbols of the non-German nationalities in the Empire. In addition, Austrian authorities saw all tricolours as basically nationalist and potentially revolutionary symbols, so Austrian provinces (as the Empire itself) were only allowed to use bicolours (the only exception being the flag of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, since it was interpreted to be a combination of the Croatian and Slavonian bicolours). So the official recognition of the Carniolan white-blue-red tricolour instead of the traditional white-blue bicolour was seen as a major achievement by the Slovenes and it quickly became the symbol representing the idea of United Slovenia. In the second half of the 19th century, the Slovenian national tricolour became the only truly all-Slovenian symbol, representing all Slovenes, regardless of the historical region in which they lived.

The tricolour flag continued to be associated with Slovenia during the country's incorporation into Yugoslavia, Although officially the whole kingdom including Slovenia had the same flag, in this case, the blue-white-red. In the interwar period, it was also used by the Slovenes of the Julian March that were annexed to Italy, where it was prohibited and persecuted by the fascist regime.

Slovenian flags during and after WWII[edit]

1:2 Design used in the past, but now abandoned Flag used by Slovenian Partisans that was adopted on 26 September 1941 at the Stolice meeting of the Yugoslav Partisans.
1:2 Design used in the past, but now abandoned Flag of the Slovene Home Guard, Slovenian Nazi-sponsored anti-communist militia, with the traditional coat of arms of Carniola
1:2 Design used in the past, but now abandoned Flag of SR Slovenia, 1945-1991

During World War II The Slovene national colours were used both by the Partisan Resistance Movement (usually with a red star in the middle) and by the Slovenian Home Guard, the voluntary anti-Communist militia sponsored and supported by the Nazi German occupation forces.

In 1945 a red star was officially placed on the flag of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, a constituent of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Flag of independent Slovenia[edit]

1:2 Design was proposed in the past, but never officially adopted Flag Proposal in 1990 before independence by the Party of Democratic Reform

Following Slovenian independence from Yugoslavia, the red star was removed and the new coat of arms, designed by Marko Pogačnik, was added. The flag was officially adopted on June 27, 1991, following a long and controversial dispute about the coat of arms of the new Republic.

New flag proposals[edit]

In 2003, a campaign started to partially or completely alter the flag in order to enhance Slovenia's international recognition, and especially to differentiate it from those of Russia and Slovakia. An eleven-striped design won the official contest.[7] Public opinion seems to be strongly against changing the flag at the moment.

Slovenia Flag proposed 90s.png Flag of Slovenia proposal (Triglav variation).svg

Government flags[edit]

Flag Use Description
Standard of the President of Slovenia.svg President of Slovenia
Standard of the President of the National Assembly of Slovenia.svg President of the National Assembly of Slovenia
Standard of the Prime Minister of Slovenia.svg Prime Minister of Slovenia
Flag of Minister of Defense of Slovenia.svg Minister of Defence of Slovenia
Flag of Chief of General Staff of the Slovenian Army.svg Chief of the General Staff of Slovenia
2:3 Design used in the past, but now abandoned Naval Jack of the Republic of Slovenia (1995-1996)[8]
1:2 Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side Naval Jack of the Republic of Slovenia (1996–present). The colors used in the jack are taken from the Coat of Arms of Slovenia.[9]

Colours[edit]

Scheme Blue Red Yellow White
CMYK 100  60   0  10   0 100 100   0   0  10 100   0   0   0   0   0
SCOTDIC Code 777—Int'l Colour Codification System (2034) N46 N722509 N23 N074014 N6 N197512 N1 N95
*Source: Uradni List RS (5th and 6th page)

References[edit]

External links[edit]